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Sensors 2016, 16(11), 1805; doi:10.3390/s16111805

Driver Distraction Using Visual-Based Sensors and Algorithms

1
Grupo TSK, Technological Scientific Park of Gijón, 33203 Gijón, Asturias, Spain
2
Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Oviedo, Campus de Viesques, 33204 Gijón, Asturias, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Gonzalo Pajares Martinsanz
Received: 14 July 2016 / Revised: 21 October 2016 / Accepted: 24 October 2016 / Published: 28 October 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Imaging: Sensors and Technologies)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1124 KB, uploaded 28 October 2016]   |  

Abstract

Driver distraction, defined as the diversion of attention away from activities critical for safe driving toward a competing activity, is increasingly recognized as a significant source of injuries and fatalities on the roadway. Additionally, the trend towards increasing the use of in-vehicle information systems is critical because they induce visual, biomechanical and cognitive distraction and may affect driving performance in qualitatively different ways. Non-intrusive methods are strongly preferred for monitoring distraction, and vision-based systems have appeared to be attractive for both drivers and researchers. Biomechanical, visual and cognitive distractions are the most commonly detected types in video-based algorithms. Many distraction detection systems only use a single visual cue and therefore, they may be easily disturbed when occlusion or illumination changes appear. Moreover, the combination of these visual cues is a key and challenging aspect in the development of robust distraction detection systems. These visual cues can be extracted mainly by using face monitoring systems but they should be completed with more visual cues (e.g., hands or body information) or even, distraction detection from specific actions (e.g., phone usage). Additionally, these algorithms should be included in an embedded device or system inside a car. This is not a trivial task and several requirements must be taken into account: reliability, real-time performance, low cost, small size, low power consumption, flexibility and short time-to-market. The key points for the development and implementation of sensors to carry out the detection of distraction will also be reviewed. This paper shows a review of the role of computer vision technology applied to the development of monitoring systems to detect distraction. Some key points considered as both future work and challenges ahead yet to be solved will also be addressed. View Full-Text
Keywords: driver distraction detection; visual-based sensors; image processing driver distraction detection; visual-based sensors; image processing
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Fernández, A.; Usamentiaga, R.; Carús, J.L.; Casado, R. Driver Distraction Using Visual-Based Sensors and Algorithms. Sensors 2016, 16, 1805.

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