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Sensors 2016, 16(10), 1622; doi:10.3390/s16101622

Analysis of Aggregation Delay for Multisource Sensor Data with On-Off Traffic Pattern in Wireless Body Area Networks

School of the Electrical Engineering, Chung-Ang University, 84 Heukseok-ro, Dongjak-gu, Seoul 06974, Korea
Department of Electrical, Electronic and Control Engineering, Hankyong National University, 327 Chungang-ro, Anseong 17579, Korea
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Giancarlo Fortino, Hassan Ghasemzadeh, Wenfeng Li, Yin Zhang and Luca Benini
Received: 1 July 2016 / Revised: 21 September 2016 / Accepted: 26 September 2016 / Published: 30 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Body Sensor Networks: Sensors, Systems, and Applications)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2351 KB, uploaded 30 September 2016]   |  


Data aggregation plays an important role to improve the transmission efficiency in wireless body area networks (WBANs); however, it inherently induces additional aggregation delay. Therefore, the effect of packet aggregation on WBAN applications, which are vulnerable to delay, must be analyzed rigorously. In this paper, we analyze the packet aggregation delay for multisource sensor data with an on-off traffic pattern in WBANs. Considering two operational parameters of the aggregation threshold and aggregation timer, we calculate the probability that a packet aggregation occurs during a unit time and then derive the average aggregation delay in closed-form. The analysis results show that the aggregation delay increases as the aggregation timer or aggregation threshold increases, but is bounded below a certain level according to the number of active sensors and their on-off traffic attribute. This implies that the data aggregation technique can maximize the transmission efficiency while satisfying a given delay requirement in the WBAN system. View Full-Text
Keywords: data aggregation; aggregation delay; delay analysis; body area networks data aggregation; aggregation delay; delay analysis; body area networks

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Kim, U.-H.; Kong, E.; Choi, H.-H.; Lee, J.-R. Analysis of Aggregation Delay for Multisource Sensor Data with On-Off Traffic Pattern in Wireless Body Area Networks. Sensors 2016, 16, 1622.

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