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Sensors 2015, 15(4), 9000-9021; doi:10.3390/s150409000

An Ultrasonic Sensor System Based on a Two-Dimensional State Method for Highway Vehicle Violation Detection Applications

1,†
,
2,†
,
2,* and 2
1
School of Electrical Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China
2
School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Felipe Jimenez
Received: 11 February 2015 / Revised: 24 March 2015 / Accepted: 9 April 2015 / Published: 16 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sensors in New Road Vehicles)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1025 KB, uploaded 16 April 2015]   |  

Abstract

With the continuing growth of highway construction and vehicle use expansion all over the world, highway vehicle traffic rule violation (TRV) detection has become more and more important so as to avoid traffic accidents and injuries in intelligent transportation systems (ITS) and vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs). Since very few works have contributed to solve the TRV detection problem by moving vehicle measurements and surveillance devices, this paper develops a novel parallel ultrasonic sensor system that can be used to identify the TRV behavior of a host vehicle in real-time. Then a two-dimensional state method is proposed, utilizing the spacial state and time sequential states from the data of two parallel ultrasonic sensors to detect and count the highway vehicle violations. Finally, the theoretical TRV identification probability is analyzed, and actual experiments are conducted on different highway segments with various driving speeds, which indicates that the identification accuracy of the proposed method can reach about 90.97%. View Full-Text
Keywords: highway vehicle traffic rule violation detection; intelligent transportation systems; two-dimensional state method; ultrasonic sensor system highway vehicle traffic rule violation detection; intelligent transportation systems; two-dimensional state method; ultrasonic sensor system
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, J.; Han, J.; Lv, H.; Li, B. An Ultrasonic Sensor System Based on a Two-Dimensional State Method for Highway Vehicle Violation Detection Applications. Sensors 2015, 15, 9000-9021.

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