Sensors 2014, 14(3), 3861-3870; doi:10.3390/s140303861
Article

Intrinsic Embedded Sensors for Polymeric Mechatronics: Flexure and Force Sensing

1,* email, 2email, 3email and 1email
Received: 16 December 2013; in revised form: 12 February 2014 / Accepted: 19 February 2014 / Published: 25 February 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tactile Sensors and Sensing Systems)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: While polymeric fabrication processes, including recent advances in additive manufacturing, have revolutionized manufacturing, little work has been done on effective sensing elements compatible with and embedded within polymeric structures. In this paper, we describe the development and evaluation of two important sensing modalities for embedding in polymeric mechatronic and robotic mechanisms: multi-axis flexure joint angle sensing utilizing IR phototransistors, and a small (12 mm), three-axis force sensing via embedded silicon strain gages with similar performance characteristics as an equally sized metal element based sensor.
Keywords: sensors; embedded; polymer; robotic; shape deposition manufacturing; rapid prototyping
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jentoft, L.P.; Dollar, A.M.; Wagner, C.R.; Howe, R.D. Intrinsic Embedded Sensors for Polymeric Mechatronics: Flexure and Force Sensing. Sensors 2014, 14, 3861-3870.

AMA Style

Jentoft LP, Dollar AM, Wagner CR, Howe RD. Intrinsic Embedded Sensors for Polymeric Mechatronics: Flexure and Force Sensing. Sensors. 2014; 14(3):3861-3870.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jentoft, Leif P.; Dollar, Aaron M.; Wagner, Christopher R.; Howe, Robert D. 2014. "Intrinsic Embedded Sensors for Polymeric Mechatronics: Flexure and Force Sensing." Sensors 14, no. 3: 3861-3870.

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