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Sensors 2014, 14(12), 22230-22260; doi:10.3390/s141222230

SVANET: A Smart Vehicular Ad Hoc Network for Efficient Data Transmission with Wireless Sensors

1
Dept. of Computer Science and Information Engineering, Chang Gung University, Kwei-Shan 33302, Taiwan;
2
Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Chang Gung University, Kwei-Shan 33302, Taiwan;
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 September 2014 / Revised: 27 October 2014 / Accepted: 12 November 2014 / Published: 25 November 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Positioning and Tracking Sensors and Technologies in Road Transport)

Abstract

Wireless sensors can sense any event, such as accidents, as well as icy roads, and can forward the rescue/warning messages through intermediate vehicles for any necessary help. In this paper, we propose a smart vehicular ad hoc network (SVANET) architecture that uses wireless sensors to detect events and vehicles to transmit the safety and non-safety messages efficiently by using different service channels and one control channel with different priorities. We have developed a data transmission protocol for the vehicles in the highway, in which data can be forwarded with the help of vehicles if they are connected with each other or data can be forwarded with the help of nearby wireless sensors. Our data transmission protocol is designed to increase the driving safety, to prevent accidents and to utilize channels efficiently by adjusting the control and service channel time intervals dynamically. Besides, our protocol can transmit information to vehicles in advance, so that drivers can decide an alternate route in case of traffic congestion. For various data sharing, we design a method that can select a few leader nodes among vehicles running along a highway to broadcast data efficiently. Simulation results show that our protocol can outperform the existing standard in terms of the end to end packet delivery ratio and latency. View Full-Text
Keywords: VANET; WSN; IEEE 802.11p; IEEE 802.15.4; data transmission VANET; WSN; IEEE 802.11p; IEEE 802.15.4; data transmission
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Sahoo, P.K.; Chiang, M.-J.; Wu, S.-L. SVANET: A Smart Vehicular Ad Hoc Network for Efficient Data Transmission with Wireless Sensors. Sensors 2014, 14, 22230-22260.

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