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Sensors 2013, 13(2), 2295-2348; doi:10.3390/s130202295
Review

Diverse Applications of Electronic-Nose Technologies in Agriculture and Forestry

Received: 1 December 2012; in revised form: 30 January 2013 / Accepted: 30 January 2013 / Published: 8 February 2013
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Abstract: Electronic-nose (e-nose) instruments, derived from numerous types of aroma-sensor technologies, have been developed for a diversity of applications in the broad fields of agriculture and forestry. Recent advances in e-nose technologies within the plant sciences, including improvements in gas-sensor designs, innovations in data analysis and pattern-recognition algorithms, and progress in material science and systems integration methods, have led to significant benefits to both industries. Electronic noses have been used in a variety of commercial agricultural-related industries, including the agricultural sectors of agronomy, biochemical processing, botany, cell culture, plant cultivar selections, environmental monitoring, horticulture, pesticide detection, plant physiology and pathology. Applications in forestry include uses in chemotaxonomy, log tracking, wood and paper processing, forest management, forest health protection, and waste management. These aroma-detection applications have improved plant-based product attributes, quality, uniformity, and consistency in ways that have increased the efficiency and effectiveness of production and manufacturing processes. This paper provides a comprehensive review and summary of a broad range of electronic-nose technologies and applications, developed specifically for the agriculture and forestry industries over the past thirty years, which have offered solutions that have greatly improved worldwide agricultural and agroforestry production systems.
Keywords: artificial olfaction; electronic aroma detection; volatile organic compounds artificial olfaction; electronic aroma detection; volatile organic compounds
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wilson, A.D. Diverse Applications of Electronic-Nose Technologies in Agriculture and Forestry. Sensors 2013, 13, 2295-2348.

AMA Style

Wilson AD. Diverse Applications of Electronic-Nose Technologies in Agriculture and Forestry. Sensors. 2013; 13(2):2295-2348.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wilson, Alphus D. 2013. "Diverse Applications of Electronic-Nose Technologies in Agriculture and Forestry." Sensors 13, no. 2: 2295-2348.


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