Next Article in Journal
Next Article in Special Issue
Previous Article in Journal
Previous Article in Special Issue
Sensors 2012, 12(9), 11922-11932; doi:10.3390/s120911922
Communication

In Vivo Histamine Optical Nanosensors

 and *
Received: 7 June 2012; in revised form: 20 August 2012 / Accepted: 24 August 2012 / Published: 29 August 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ultra-Small Sensor Systems and Components)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [488 KB, uploaded 21 June 2014]   |   Browse Figures
Abstract: In this communication we discuss the development of ionophore based nanosensors for the detection and monitoring of histamine levels in vivo. This approach is based on the use of an amine-reactive, broad spectrum ionophore which is capable of recognizing and binding to histamine. We pair this ionophore with our already established nanosensor platform, and demonstrate in vitro and in vivo monitoring of histamine levels. This approach enables capturing rapid kinetics of histamine after injection, which are more difficult to measure with standard approaches such as blood sampling, especially on small research models. The coupling together of in vivo nanosensors with ionophores such as nonactin provide a way to generate nanosensors for novel targets without the difficult process of designing and synthesizing novel ionophores.
Keywords: nanosensor; optode; histamine; in vivo nanosensor; optode; histamine; in vivo
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Cash, K.J.; Clark, H.A. In Vivo Histamine Optical Nanosensors. Sensors 2012, 12, 11922-11932.

AMA Style

Cash KJ, Clark HA. In Vivo Histamine Optical Nanosensors. Sensors. 2012; 12(9):11922-11932.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cash, Kevin J.; Clark, Heather A. 2012. "In Vivo Histamine Optical Nanosensors." Sensors 12, no. 9: 11922-11932.



Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert