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Circulating MicroRNAs: Molecular Microsensors in Gastrointestinal Cancer
Biomedical Research Institute of A Coruña, As Xubias 84, E-15006 A Coruña, Spain
Clinical Oncology Department, A Coruña University Hospital, As Xubias 84, E-15006 A Coruña, Spain
Medicine Department, A Coruña University, Campus de Oza, E-15006 A Coruña, Spain
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 May 2012; in revised form: 1 June 2012 / Accepted: 25 June 2012 / Published: 9 July 2012
Abstract: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small molecules of single strand non-coding RNAs, which are able to regulate gene expression. miRNAs have been involved in multiple cellular processes, such as proliferation, apoptosis and differentiation, thus alterations in miRNA expression have been shown to be directly linked with the pathological origin of multiple diseases, including cancer. In this way, during last few years, an increasing number of exciting advances have contributed to the understanding of miRNA roles in cancer. Moreover, researchers have exploited the special characteristics of miRNAs, such as the tissue and disease specificity or miRNA presence in blood, to explore their use as non-invasive tumour markers. In the present review, we summarize the current data on the potential usefulness of circulating miRNAs as diagnostic and prognostic tools in gastrointestinal tumours.
Keywords: circulating microRNAs; biomarkers; gastrointestinal cancer; oesophageal cancer; gastric cancer; pancreatic cancer; liver cancer; colorectal cancer
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Blanco-Calvo, M.; Calvo, L.; Figueroa, A.; Haz-Conde, M.; Antón-Aparicio, L.; Valladares-Ayerbes, M. Circulating MicroRNAs: Molecular Microsensors in Gastrointestinal Cancer. Sensors 2012, 12, 9349-9362.
Blanco-Calvo M, Calvo L, Figueroa A, Haz-Conde M, Antón-Aparicio L, Valladares-Ayerbes M. Circulating MicroRNAs: Molecular Microsensors in Gastrointestinal Cancer. Sensors. 2012; 12(7):9349-9362.
Blanco-Calvo, Moisés; Calvo, Lourdes; Figueroa, Angélica; Haz-Conde, Mar; Antón-Aparicio, Luis; Valladares-Ayerbes, Manuel. 2012. "Circulating MicroRNAs: Molecular Microsensors in Gastrointestinal Cancer." Sensors 12, no. 7: 9349-9362.