Sensors 2012, 12(7), 8861-8876; doi:10.3390/s120708861
Review

Microfiber-Based Bragg Gratings for Sensing Applications: A Review

1 College of Engineering and Applied Sciences and National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China 2 Optoelectronics Research Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton, SO17 1BJ, UK
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 April 2012; in revised form: 24 May 2012 / Accepted: 15 June 2012 / Published: 27 June 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ultra-Small Sensor Systems and Components)
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Abstract: Microfiber-based Bragg gratings (MFBGs) are an emerging concept in ultra-small optical fiber sensors. They have attracted great attention among researchers in the fiber sensing area because of their large evanescent field and compactness. In this review, the basic techniques for the fabrication of MFBGs are introduced first. Then, the sensing properties and applications of MFBGs are discussed, including measurement of refractive index (RI), temperature, and strain/force. Finally a summary of selected MFBG sensing elements from previous literature are tabulated.
Keywords: microfiber; grating; sensor; optical fiber component; refractive index; temperature; strain; force; optical fabrication; focused ion beam

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kou, J.-L.; Ding, M.; Feng, J.; Lu, Y.-Q.; Xu, F.; Brambilla, G. Microfiber-Based Bragg Gratings for Sensing Applications: A Review. Sensors 2012, 12, 8861-8876.

AMA Style

Kou J-L, Ding M, Feng J, Lu Y-Q, Xu F, Brambilla G. Microfiber-Based Bragg Gratings for Sensing Applications: A Review. Sensors. 2012; 12(7):8861-8876.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kou, Jun-Long; Ding, Ming; Feng, Jing; Lu, Yan-Qing; Xu, Fei; Brambilla, Gilberto. 2012. "Microfiber-Based Bragg Gratings for Sensing Applications: A Review." Sensors 12, no. 7: 8861-8876.

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