Sensors 2012, 12(6), 7587-7597; doi:10.3390/s120607587

Automatic Detection of Animals in Mowing Operations Using Thermal Cameras

1,* email, 1email, 2email and 1email
Received: 27 April 2012; in revised form: 30 May 2012 / Accepted: 4 June 2012 / Published: 7 June 2012
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: During the last decades, high-efficiency farming equipment has been developed in the agricultural sector. This has also included efficiency improvement of moving techniques, which include increased working speeds and widths. Therefore, the risk of wild animals being accidentally injured or killed during routine farming operations has increased dramatically over the years. In particular, the nests of ground nesting bird species like grey partridge (Perdix perdix) or pheasant (Phasianus colchicus) are vulnerable to farming operations in their breeding habitat, whereas in mammals, the natural instinct of e.g., leverets of brown hare (Lepus europaeus) and fawns of roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) to lay low and still in the vegetation to avoid predators increase their risk of being killed or injured in farming operations. Various methods and approaches have been used to reduce wildlife mortality resulting from farming operations. However, since wildlife-friendly farming often results in lower efficiency, attempts have been made to develop automatic systems capable of detecting wild animals in the crop. Here we assessed the suitability of thermal imaging in combination with digital image processing to automatically detect a chicken (Gallus domesticus) and a rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) in a grassland habitat. Throughout the different test scenarios, our study animals were detected with a high precision, although the most dense grass cover reduced the detection rate. We conclude that thermal imaging and digital imaging processing may be an important tool for the improvement of wildlife-friendly farming practices in the future.
Keywords: thermal imaging; image processing; human-wildlife relationship; wildlife-friendly farming
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MDPI and ACS Style

Steen, K.A.; Villa-Henriksen, A.; Therkildsen, O.R.; Green, O. Automatic Detection of Animals in Mowing Operations Using Thermal Cameras. Sensors 2012, 12, 7587-7597.

AMA Style

Steen KA, Villa-Henriksen A, Therkildsen OR, Green O. Automatic Detection of Animals in Mowing Operations Using Thermal Cameras. Sensors. 2012; 12(6):7587-7597.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Steen, Kim Arild; Villa-Henriksen, Andrés; Therkildsen, Ole Roland; Green, Ole. 2012. "Automatic Detection of Animals in Mowing Operations Using Thermal Cameras." Sensors 12, no. 6: 7587-7597.

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