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Sensors 2012, 12(5), 6587-6609; doi:10.3390/s120506587

IVAN: Intelligent Van for the Distribution of Pharmaceutical Drugs

1
Deusto Institute of Technology (DeustoTech), University of Deusto, Bilbao 48007, Spain
2
Electrical and Electronic Engineering Department, Universidad Pública de Navarra, Pamplona 31006, Spain
3
Mathematics and Computer Engineering Department, Universidad Pública de Navarra, Pamplona 31006, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 March 2012 / Revised: 12 May 2012 / Accepted: 14 May 2012 / Published: 18 May 2012
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Abstract

This paper describes a telematic system based on an intelligent van which is capable of tracing pharmaceutical drugs over delivery routes from a warehouse to pharmacies, without altering carriers’ daily conventional tasks. The intelligent van understands its environment, taking into account its location, the assets and the predefined delivery route; with the capability of reporting incidences to carriers in case of failure according to the established distribution plan. It is a non-intrusive solution which represents a successful experience of using smart environments and an optimized Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) embedded system in a viable way to resolve a real industrial need in the pharmaceutical industry. The combination of deterministic modeling of the indoor vehicle, the implementation of an ad-hoc radiating element and an agile software platform within an overall system architecture leads to a competitive, flexible and scalable solution.
Keywords: intelligent van; pharmaceutical drugs traceability; incidences reporting; non-intrusive; RFID; wireless technologies, deterministic 3D ray launching intelligent van; pharmaceutical drugs traceability; incidences reporting; non-intrusive; RFID; wireless technologies, deterministic 3D ray launching
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Moreno, A.; Angulo, I.; Perallos, A.; Landaluce, H.; Zuazola, I.J.G.; Azpilicueta, L.; Astrain, J.J.; Falcone, F.; Villadangos, J. IVAN: Intelligent Van for the Distribution of Pharmaceutical Drugs. Sensors 2012, 12, 6587-6609.

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