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Sensors 2012, 12(5), 6587-6609; doi:10.3390/s120506587
Article

IVAN: Intelligent Van for the Distribution of Pharmaceutical Drugs

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, 1,* , 1
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1 Deusto Institute of Technology (DeustoTech), University of Deusto, Bilbao 48007, Spain 2 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Department, Universidad Pública de Navarra, Pamplona 31006, Spain 3 Mathematics and Computer Engineering Department, Universidad Pública de Navarra, Pamplona 31006, Spain
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 March 2012 / Revised: 12 May 2012 / Accepted: 14 May 2012 / Published: 18 May 2012
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Abstract

This paper describes a telematic system based on an intelligent van which is capable of tracing pharmaceutical drugs over delivery routes from a warehouse to pharmacies, without altering carriers’ daily conventional tasks. The intelligent van understands its environment, taking into account its location, the assets and the predefined delivery route; with the capability of reporting incidences to carriers in case of failure according to the established distribution plan. It is a non-intrusive solution which represents a successful experience of using smart environments and an optimized Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) embedded system in a viable way to resolve a real industrial need in the pharmaceutical industry. The combination of deterministic modeling of the indoor vehicle, the implementation of an ad-hoc radiating element and an agile software platform within an overall system architecture leads to a competitive, flexible and scalable solution.
Keywords: intelligent van; pharmaceutical drugs traceability; incidences reporting; non-intrusive; RFID; wireless technologies, deterministic 3D ray launching intelligent van; pharmaceutical drugs traceability; incidences reporting; non-intrusive; RFID; wireless technologies, deterministic 3D ray launching
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Moreno, A.; Angulo, I.; Perallos, A.; Landaluce, H.; Zuazola, I.J.G.; Azpilicueta, L.; Astrain, J.J.; Falcone, F.; Villadangos, J. IVAN: Intelligent Van for the Distribution of Pharmaceutical Drugs. Sensors 2012, 12, 6587-6609.

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