Sensors 2012, 12(2), 2026-2061; doi:10.3390/s120202026
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Localization Algorithms of Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey

1 Department of Information and Communication Systems, Hohai University, 200 North Jinling Road, Changzhou 213022, China 2 Changzhou Key Laboratory of Sensor Networks and Environmental Sensing, Changzhou 213022, China 3 Department of Multimedia Engineering, Graduate School of Information Science and Technology, Osaka University, 1-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan 4 Institute of Computing Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 6 Kexueyuan South Road Zhongguancun, Beijing 100190, China 5 Naval Academy of Armament, Beijing 100161, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 January 2012; in revised form: 20 January 2012 / Accepted: 30 January 2012 / Published: 13 February 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Underwater Sensor Nodes and Underwater Sensor Networks)
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Abstract: In Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks (UWSNs), localization is one of most important technologies since it plays a critical role in many applications. Motivated by widespread adoption of localization, in this paper, we present a comprehensive survey of localization algorithms. First, we classify localization algorithms into three categories based on sensor nodes’ mobility: stationary localization algorithms, mobile localization algorithms and hybrid localization algorithms. Moreover, we compare the localization algorithms in detail and analyze future research directions of localization algorithms in UWSNs.
Keywords: underwater wireless sensor networks; localization algorithms; centralized; distributed; hybrid

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MDPI and ACS Style

Han, G.; Jiang, J.; Shu, L.; Xu, Y.; Wang, F. Localization Algorithms of Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey. Sensors 2012, 12, 2026-2061.

AMA Style

Han G, Jiang J, Shu L, Xu Y, Wang F. Localization Algorithms of Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey. Sensors. 2012; 12(2):2026-2061.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Han, Guangjie; Jiang, Jinfang; Shu, Lei; Xu, Yongjun; Wang, Feng. 2012. "Localization Algorithms of Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey." Sensors 12, no. 2: 2026-2061.

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