Sensors 2012, 12(12), 16353-16367; doi:10.3390/s121216353
Article

Increases of Quadriceps Inter-Muscular Cross-Correlation and Coherence during Exhausting Stepping Exercise

1 Department of Physical Therapy and Graduate Institute of Rehabilitation Science, Chang Gung University, 259, Wen-Hwa 1st Rd, Kweishan, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan 2 Department of Electrical Engineering, Chang Gung University, 259, Wen-Hwa 1st Rd, Kweishan, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan 3 Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health Science, Kaohsiung Medical University, 100,Shih-Chuan 1st Road, Kaohsiung 80708, Taiwan 4 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, 100, Tzyou 1st Road, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan 5 Department of Rehabilitation Technology, Tzu Hui Institute of Technology, 367, Sanmin Road, Nanjhou Hsian, Pingtung 926, Taiwan 6 Department of Physical Therapy and Assistive Technology, National Yang Ming University, 155, Sec.2, Linong Street, Taipei 112, Taiwan
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 September 2012; in revised form: 9 November 2012 / Accepted: 13 November 2012 / Published: 26 November 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Body Sensor Networks for Healthcare and Pervasive Applications)
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Abstract: The aim of this study was to examine the change of the intermuscular cross-correlation and coherence of the rectus femoris (RF), vastus medialis (VM) and vastus lateralis (VL) during exhausting stepping exercise. Eleven healthy adults repeated the stepping exercise up to their individual endurance limits (RPE score reached 20), and the cross-correlation and coherence were assessed by surface electromyography (EMG) recordings. The coefficient and time lag of cross-correlation and the coherence areas in the alpha (8–12 Hz), beta (15–30 Hz), gamma (30–60 Hz) and high-gamma (60–150 Hz) bands among the three muscle pairs (RF-VM, RF-VL and VM-VL) were calculated. As muscle fatigue, RF-VM and VM-VL showed increases of coefficients and the shortening of time lags. RF-VM and RF-VL showed increases of beta-band coherence in the ascent and descent phases, respectively. The increased intermuscular cross-correlation and beta-band coherence may be a compensatory strategy for maintaining the coordination of knee synergistic muscles during fatigue due to the fatigue-related disturbance of the corticospinal transmission. Therefore, the intermuscular cross-correlation and beta-band coherence may be a potential index for assessing muscle fatigue and monitoring the central control of motor function during dynamic fatiguing exercise.
Keywords: intermuscular; cross-correlation; coherence; muscle fatigue and stepping

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MDPI and ACS Style

Chang, Y.-J.; Chou, C.-C.; Chan, H.-L.; Hsu, M.-J.; Yeh, M.-Y.; Fang, C.-Y.; Chuang, Y.-F.; Wei, S.-H.; Lien, H.-Y. Increases of Quadriceps Inter-Muscular Cross-Correlation and Coherence during Exhausting Stepping Exercise. Sensors 2012, 12, 16353-16367.

AMA Style

Chang Y-J, Chou C-C, Chan H-L, Hsu M-J, Yeh M-Y, Fang C-Y, Chuang Y-F, Wei S-H, Lien H-Y. Increases of Quadriceps Inter-Muscular Cross-Correlation and Coherence during Exhausting Stepping Exercise. Sensors. 2012; 12(12):16353-16367.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chang, Ya-Ju; Chou, Ching-Chieh; Chan, Hsiao-Lung; Hsu, Miao-Ju; Yeh, Ming-Yuh; Fang, Chia-Ying; Chuang, Yu-Fen; Wei, Shun-Hwa; Lien, Hen-Yu. 2012. "Increases of Quadriceps Inter-Muscular Cross-Correlation and Coherence during Exhausting Stepping Exercise." Sensors 12, no. 12: 16353-16367.

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