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From Sensor to Observation Web with Environmental Enablers in the Future Internet
AIT–Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH, Donau-City-Strasse 1, A1220 Vienna, Austria
Institute for Environment and Sustainability, European Commission, Joint Research Centre/TP 262, Via E. Fermi, 2749, I-21027 Ispra (VA), Italy
University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre, 2 Venture Road, Chillworth, Southampton, SO16 7NP, UK
Institute of Methodology for Environmental Analysis, CNR–National Research Council of Italy, 85050 Tito Scalo (PZ), Italy
Fraunhofer Institute of Optronics, System Technologies and Image Exploitation, 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany
SINTEF-Foundation for Scientific and Industrial Research, Norwegian Institute of Technology, N-0317 Oslo, Norway
ATOS Origin S.A.E., 28037 Madrid, Spain
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 February 2011; in revised form: 23 March 2011 / Accepted: 25 March 2011 / Published: 30 March 2011
Abstract: This paper outlines the grand challenges in global sustainability research and the objectives of the FP7 Future Internet PPP program within the Digital Agenda for Europe. Large user communities are generating significant amounts of valuable environmental observations at local and regional scales using the devices and services of the Future Internet. These communities’ environmental observations represent a wealth of information which is currently hardly used or used only in isolation and therefore in need of integration with other information sources. Indeed, this very integration will lead to a paradigm shift from a mere Sensor Web to an Observation Web with semantically enriched content emanating from sensors, environmental simulations and citizens. The paper also describes the research challenges to realize the Observation Web and the associated environmental enablers for the Future Internet. Such an environmental enabler could for instance be an electronic sensing device, a web-service application, or even a social networking group affording or facilitating the capability of the Future Internet applications to consume, produce, and use environmental observations in cross-domain applications. The term “envirofied” Future Internet is coined to describe this overall target that forms a cornerstone of work in the Environmental Usage Area within the Future Internet PPP program. Relevant trends described in the paper are the usage of ubiquitous sensors (anywhere), the provision and generation of information by citizens, and the convergence of real and virtual realities to convey understanding of environmental observations. The paper addresses the technical challenges in the Environmental Usage Area and the need for designing multi-style service oriented architecture. Key topics are the mapping of requirements to capabilities, providing scalability and robustness with implementing context aware information retrieval. Another essential research topic is handling data fusion and model based computation, and the related propagation of information uncertainty. Approaches to security, standardization and harmonization, all essential for sustainable solutions, are summarized from the perspective of the Environmental Usage Area. The paper concludes with an overview of emerging, high impact applications in the environmental areas concerning land ecosystems (biodiversity), air quality (atmospheric conditions) and water ecosystems (marine asset management).
Keywords: future internet; environmental usage area; sensor web; observation web; requirements analysis; environmental enablers; open standards; internet of services; internet of things; internet of content; internet of people
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Havlik, D.; Schade, S.; Sabeur, Z.A.; Mazzetti, P.; Watson, K.; Berre, A.J.; Mon, J.L. From Sensor to Observation Web with Environmental Enablers in the Future Internet. Sensors 2011, 11, 3874-3907.
Havlik D, Schade S, Sabeur ZA, Mazzetti P, Watson K, Berre AJ, Mon JL. From Sensor to Observation Web with Environmental Enablers in the Future Internet. Sensors. 2011; 11(4):3874-3907.
Havlik, Denis; Schade, Sven; Sabeur, Zoheir A.; Mazzetti, Paolo; Watson, Kym; Berre, Arne J.; Mon, Jose Lorenzo. 2011. "From Sensor to Observation Web with Environmental Enablers in the Future Internet." Sensors 11, no. 4: 3874-3907.