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Sensors 2011, 11(4), 3652-3666; doi:10.3390/s110403652
Review

Auto-Configuration Protocols in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

1,* , 2
,
1,3
 and
3
1 Grupo de Análisis, Seguridad y Sistemas (GASS), Departamento de Ingeniería del Software e Inteligencia Artificial (DISIA), Facultad de Informática, Despacho 431, Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM), Calle Profesor José García Santesmases s/n, Ciudad Universitaria, 28040 Madrid, Spain 2 Grupo de Análisis, Seguridad y Sistemas (GASS), Sección Departamental de Sistemas Informáticos y Computación—Lenguajes y Sistemas Informáticos y Ciencias de la Computación e Inteligencia Artificial, Facultad de Ciencias Matemáticas, Despacho 310-F, Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM), Plaza de Ciencias, 3, Ciudad Universitaria, 28040 Madrid, Spain 3 Departamento de Ingeniería de Sistemas, Universidad del Norte, Km. 5 Autopista a Puerto Colombia, Barranquilla, Colombia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 February 2011 / Revised: 12 March 2011 / Accepted: 22 March 2011 / Published: 25 March 2011
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Abstract

The TCP/IP protocol allows the different nodes in a network to communicate by associating a different IP address to each node. In wired or wireless networks with infrastructure, we have a server or node acting as such which correctly assigns IP addresses, but in mobile ad hoc networks there is no such centralized entity capable of carrying out this function. Therefore, a protocol is needed to perform the network configuration automatically and in a dynamic way, which will use all nodes in the network (or part thereof) as if they were servers that manage IP addresses. This article reviews the major proposed auto-configuration protocols for mobile ad hoc networks, with particular emphasis on one of the most recent: D2HCP. This work also includes a comparison of auto-configuration protocols for mobile ad hoc networks by specifying the most relevant metrics, such as a guarantee of uniqueness, overhead, latency, dependency on the routing protocol and uniformity.
Keywords: auto-configuration protocol; Mobile Ad Hoc Network (MANET); IP address assignment; distributed dynamic host configuration protocol; D2HCP, routing protocol auto-configuration protocol; Mobile Ad Hoc Network (MANET); IP address assignment; distributed dynamic host configuration protocol; D2HCP, routing protocol
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
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García Villalba, L.J.; García Matesanz, J.; Sandoval Orozco, A.L.; Márquez Díaz, J.D. Auto-Configuration Protocols in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks. Sensors 2011, 11, 3652-3666.

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