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Sensors 2011, 11(3), 2899-2919; doi:10.3390/s110302899
Article

An Emergency-Adaptive Routing Scheme for Wireless Sensor Networks for Building Fire Hazard Monitoring

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Received: 16 February 2011; Accepted: 4 March 2011 / Published: 4 March 2011
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Abstract: Fire hazard monitoring and evacuation for building environments is a novel application area for the deployment of wireless sensor networks. In this context, adaptive routing is essential in order to ensure safe and timely data delivery in building evacuation and fire fighting resource applications. Existing routing mechanisms for wireless sensor networks are not well suited for building fires, especially as they do not consider critical and dynamic network scenarios. In this paper, an emergency-adaptive, real-time and robust routing protocol is presented for emergency situations such as building fire hazard applications. The protocol adapts to handle dynamic emergency scenarios and works well with the routing hole problem. Theoretical analysis and simulation results indicate that our protocol provides a real-time routing mechanism that is well suited for dynamic emergency scenarios in building fires when compared with other related work.
Keywords: wireless sensor networks; building fires; real-time; power adaptation wireless sensor networks; building fires; real-time; power adaptation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zeng, Y.; Sreenan, C.J.; Sitanayah, L.; Xiong, N.; Park, J.H.; Zheng, G. An Emergency-Adaptive Routing Scheme for Wireless Sensor Networks for Building Fire Hazard Monitoring. Sensors 2011, 11, 2899-2919.

AMA Style

Zeng Y, Sreenan CJ, Sitanayah L, Xiong N, Park JH, Zheng G. An Emergency-Adaptive Routing Scheme for Wireless Sensor Networks for Building Fire Hazard Monitoring. Sensors. 2011; 11(3):2899-2919.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zeng, Yuanyuan; Sreenan, Cormac J.; Sitanayah, Lanny; Xiong, Naixue; Park, Jong Hyuk; Zheng, Guilin. 2011. "An Emergency-Adaptive Routing Scheme for Wireless Sensor Networks for Building Fire Hazard Monitoring." Sensors 11, no. 3: 2899-2919.



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