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A Solar Energy Powered Autonomous Wireless Actuator Node for Irrigation Systems
Research Institute for Integrated Management of Coastal Areas, Universitat Politècnica Valencia, EPSG, C.Paranimf, 1, Gandía, Spain
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 November 2010; in revised form: 7 December 2010 / Accepted: 28 December 2010 / Published: 30 December 2010
Abstract: The design of a fully autonomous and wireless actuator node (“wEcoValve mote”) based on the IEEE 802.15.4 standard is presented. The system allows remote control (open/close) of a 3-lead magnetic latch solenoid, commonly used in drip irrigation systems in applications such as agricultural areas, greenhouses, gardens, etc. The very low power consumption of the system in conjunction with the low power consumption of the valve, only when switching positions, allows the system to be solar powered, thus eliminating the need of wires and facilitating its deployment. By using supercapacitors recharged from a specifically designed solar power module, the need to replace batteries is also eliminated and the system is completely autonomous and maintenance free. The “wEcoValve mote” firmware is based on a synchronous protocol that allows a bidirectional communication with a latency optimized for real-time work, with a synchronization time between nodes of 4 s, thus achieving a power consumption average of 2.9 mW.
Keywords: wireless sensor networks; actuator node; autonomous sensor; solar energy; agriculture irrigation systems
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MDPI and ACS Style
Lajara, R.; Alberola, J.; Pelegrí-Sebastiá, J. A Solar Energy Powered Autonomous Wireless Actuator Node for Irrigation Systems. Sensors 2011, 11, 329-340.
Lajara R, Alberola J, Pelegrí-Sebastiá J. A Solar Energy Powered Autonomous Wireless Actuator Node for Irrigation Systems. Sensors. 2011; 11(1):329-340.
Lajara, Rafael; Alberola, Jorge; Pelegrí-Sebastiá, José. 2011. "A Solar Energy Powered Autonomous Wireless Actuator Node for Irrigation Systems." Sensors 11, no. 1: 329-340.