Abstract: The Wireless Personal Area Network (WPAN) is one of the fledging paradigms that the next generation of wireless systems is sprouting towards. Among them, a more specific category is the Wireless Body Area Network (WBAN) used for health monitoring. On the other hand, Ultra-Wideband (UWB) comes with a number of desirable features at the physical layer for wireless communications. One big challenge in adoption of UWB in WBAN is the fact that signals get attenuated exponentially. Due to the intrinsic structural complexity in human body, electromagnetic waves show a profound variation during propagation through it. The reflection and transmission coefficients of human body are highly dependent upon the dielectric constants as well as upon the frequency. The difference in structural materials such as fat, muscles and blood essentially makes electromagnetic wave attenuation to be different along the way. Thus, a complete characterization of body channel is a challenging task. The connection between attenuation and frequency of the signal makes the investigation of UWB in WBAN an interesting proposition. In this paper, we study analytically the impact of body channels on electromagnetic signal propagation with reference to UWB. In the process, scattering, reflectivity and transmitivity have been addressed with analysis of approximate layer-wise modeling, and with numerical depictions. Pulses with Gaussian profile have been employed in our analysis. It shows that, under reasonable practical approximations, the human body channel can be modeled in layers so as to have the effects of total reflections or total transmissions in certain frequency bands. This could help decide such design issues as antenna characteristics of implant devices for WBAN employing UWB.
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Kabir, M.H.; Ashrafuzzaman, K.; Chowdhury, M.S.; Kwak, K.S. Studies of Scattering, Reflectivity, and Transmitivity in WBAN Channel: Feasibility of Using UWB. Sensors 2010, 10, 5503-5529.
Kabir MH, Ashrafuzzaman K, Chowdhury MS, Kwak KS. Studies of Scattering, Reflectivity, and Transmitivity in WBAN Channel: Feasibility of Using UWB. Sensors. 2010; 10(6):5503-5529.
Kabir, Md. Humaun; Ashrafuzzaman, Kazi; Chowdhury, M. Sanaullah; Kwak, Kyung Sup. 2010. "Studies of Scattering, Reflectivity, and Transmitivity in WBAN Channel: Feasibility of Using UWB." Sensors 10, no. 6: 5503-5529.