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Detection of Greenhouse Gas Precursors from Diesel Engines Using Electrochemical and Photoacoustic Sensors
Laboratório de Ciências Físicas LCFIS–Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense UENF, Av. Alberto Lamego 2000, Campos dos Goytacazes, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
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Received: 6 August 2010; in revised form: 9 September 2010 / Accepted: 29 October 2010 / Published: 1 November 2010
Abstract: Atmospheric pollution is one of the worst threats to modern society. The consequences derived from different forms of atmospheric pollution vary from the local to the global scale, with deep impacts on climate, environment and human health. Several gaseous pollutants, even when present in trace concentrations, play a fundamental role in important processes that occur in atmosphere. Phenomena such as global warming, photochemical smog formation, acid rain and the depletion of the stratospheric ozone layer are strongly related to the increased concentration of certain gaseous species in the atmosphere. The transport sector significantly produces atmospheric pollution, mainly when diesel oil is used as fuel. Therefore, new methodologies based on selective and sensitive gas detection schemes must be developed in order to detect and monitor pollutant gases from this source. In this work, CO2 Laser Photoacoustic Spectroscopy was used to evaluate ethylene emissions and electrochemical analyzers were used to evaluate the emissions of CO, NOx and SO2 from the exhaust of diesel powered vehicles (rural diesel with 5% of biodiesel, in this paper called only diesel) at different engine rotation speeds. Concentrations in the range 6 to 45 ppmV for ethylene, 109 to 1,231 ppmV for carbon monoxide, 75 to 868 ppmV for nitrogen oxides and 3 to 354 ppmV for sulfur dioxide were obtained. The results indicate that the detection techniques used were sufficiently selective and sensitive to detect the gaseous species mentioned above in the ppmV range.
Keywords: diesel engines; electrochemical sensors; photoacoustic sensors
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MDPI and ACS Style
Mothé, G.; Castro, M.; Sthel, M.; Lima, G.; Brasil, L.; Campos, L.; Rocha, A.; Vargas, H. Detection of Greenhouse Gas Precursors from Diesel Engines Using Electrochemical and Photoacoustic Sensors. Sensors 2010, 10, 9726-9741.
Mothé G, Castro M, Sthel M, Lima G, Brasil L, Campos L, Rocha A, Vargas H. Detection of Greenhouse Gas Precursors from Diesel Engines Using Electrochemical and Photoacoustic Sensors. Sensors. 2010; 10(11):9726-9741.
Mothé, Geórgia; Castro, Maria; Sthel, Marcelo; Lima, Guilherme; Brasil, Laisa; Campos, Layse; Rocha, Aline; Vargas, Helion. 2010. "Detection of Greenhouse Gas Precursors from Diesel Engines Using Electrochemical and Photoacoustic Sensors." Sensors 10, no. 11: 9726-9741.