Next Article in Journal
An Overview of Kinematic and Calibration Models Using Internal/External Sensors or Constraints to Improve the Behavior of Spatial Parallel Mechanisms
Next Article in Special Issue
Automated Detection of the Arterial Inner Walls of the Common Carotid Artery Based on Dynamic B-Mode Signals
Previous Article in Journal
Fabrication and Performance of All-Solid-State Chloride Sensors in Synthetic Concrete Pore Solutions
Previous Article in Special Issue
Effects of the Intermittent Pneumatic Circulator on Blood Pressure during Hemodialysis
Sensors 2010, 10(11), 10240-10255; doi:10.3390/s101110240
Article

A Wearable Ground Reaction Force Sensor System and Its Application to the Measurement of Extrinsic Gait Variability

* ,
 and
Received: 12 October 2010; in revised form: 10 November 2010 / Accepted: 15 November 2010 / Published: 16 November 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sensors in Biomechanics and Biomedicine)
Download PDF [286 KB, updated 21 June 2014; original version uploaded 21 June 2014]
Abstract: Wearable sensors for gait analysis are attracting wide interest. In this paper, a wearable ground reaction force (GRF) sensor system and its application to measure extrinsic gait variability are presented. To validate the GRF and centre of pressure (CoP) measurements of the sensor system and examine the effectiveness of the proposed method for gait analysis, we conducted an experimental study on seven volunteer subjects. Based on the assessment of the influence of the sensor system on natural gait, we found that no significant differences were found for almost all measured gait parameters (p-values < 0.05). As for measurement accuracy, the root mean square (RMS) differences for the two transverse components and the vertical component of the GRF were 7.2% ± 0.8% and 9.0% ± 1% of the maximum of each transverse component and 1.5% ± 0.9% of the maximum vertical component of GRF, respectively. The RMS distance between both CoP measurements was 1.4% ± 0.2% of the length of the shoe. The area of CoP distribution on the foot-plate and the average coefficient of variation of the triaxial GRF, are the introduced parameters for analysing extrinsic gait variability. Based on a statistical analysis of the results of the tests with subjects wearing the sensor system, we found that the proposed parameters changed according to walking speed and turning (p-values < 0.05).
Keywords: centre of pressure; gait variability; ground reaction force; obstacle avoidance; wearable force sensor centre of pressure; gait variability; ground reaction force; obstacle avoidance; wearable force sensor
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, T.; Inoue, Y.; Shibata, K. A Wearable Ground Reaction Force Sensor System and Its Application to the Measurement of Extrinsic Gait Variability. Sensors 2010, 10, 10240-10255.

AMA Style

Liu T, Inoue Y, Shibata K. A Wearable Ground Reaction Force Sensor System and Its Application to the Measurement of Extrinsic Gait Variability. Sensors. 2010; 10(11):10240-10255.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liu, Tao; Inoue, Yoshio; Shibata, Kyoko. 2010. "A Wearable Ground Reaction Force Sensor System and Its Application to the Measurement of Extrinsic Gait Variability." Sensors 10, no. 11: 10240-10255.


Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert