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Diversity 2017, 9(1), 3; doi:10.3390/d9010003

Turnover Dynamics of Breeding Land Birds on Islands: is Island Biogeographic Theory ‘True but Trivial’ over Decadal Time-Scales?

Landscape and Biodiversity Research Group, Faculty of Arts, Science and Technology, The University of Northampton, Avenue Campus, Northampton NN2 6JD, UK
This paper is based on a talk entitled ‘Turnover dynamics of breeding land birds on islands: ‘true but trivial’ over decadal time-scales?’ presented at the ISLAND BIOLOGY–2016—International Conference on Island Evolution, Ecology, and Conservation (18–22 July 2016).
Academic Editor: Paulo A. V. Borges
Received: 28 October 2016 / Revised: 21 December 2016 / Accepted: 28 December 2016 / Published: 11 January 2017
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Abstract

The theory of island biogeography has revolutionised the study of island biology stimulating considerable debate and leading to the development of new advances in related areas. One criticism of the theory is that it is ‘true but trivial’, i.e., on the basis of analyses of annual turnovers of organisms on islands, it has been posited that stochastic turnover mainly comprises rare species, or repeated immigrations and extinctions thereof, and thereby contribute little to the overall ecological dynamics. Here, both the absolute and relative turnover of breeding land birds are analysed for populations on Skokholm, Wales, over census intervals of 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 years. As expected, over short census intervals (≤6 years), much of the turnover comprised repeated colonisations and extinctions of rare species. However, at longer intervals (12 and 24 years), a sizeable minority of species (11% of the total recorded) showed evidence of colonisation and/or extinction events despite sizeable populations (some upwards of 50 pairs). These results suggest that a longer-term view is required to take into account turnover involving more common species. View Full-Text
Keywords: island biogeography; turnover; immigration; extinction; population; birds (Aves) island biogeography; turnover; immigration; extinction; population; birds (Aves)
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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McCollin, D. Turnover Dynamics of Breeding Land Birds on Islands: is Island Biogeographic Theory ‘True but Trivial’ over Decadal Time-Scales? Diversity 2017, 9, 3.

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