Next Article in Journal
Identification and Density Estimation of American Martens (Martes americana) Using a Novel Camera-Trap Method
Next Article in Special Issue
Building a Plant DNA Barcode Reference Library for a Diverse Tropical Flora: An Example from Queensland, Australia
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Can Theory Improve the Scope of Quantitative Metazoan Metabarcoding?
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Diversity 2016, 8(1), 2; doi:10.3390/d8010002

DNA Barcoding as a Molecular Tool to Track Down Mislabeling and Food Piracy

Laboratorio di Genomica, LabGEN c/o DAFNAE—Università di Padova, Via Università 16, 35020 Legnaro, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Michael Wink
Received: 28 October 2015 / Revised: 4 December 2015 / Accepted: 21 December 2015 / Published: 29 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue DNA Barcoding and Biodiversity Research)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1179 KB, uploaded 8 January 2016]   |  

Abstract

DNA barcoding is a molecular technology that allows the identification of any biological species by amplifying, sequencing and querying the information from genic and/or intergenic standardized target regions belonging to the extranuclear genomes. Although these sequences represent a small fraction of the total DNA of a cell, both chloroplast and mitochondrial barcodes chosen for identifying plant and animal species, respectively, have shown sufficient nucleotide diversity to assess the taxonomic identity of the vast majority of organisms used in agriculture. Consequently, cpDNA and mtDNA barcoding protocols are being used more and more in the food industry and food supply chains for food labeling, not only to support food safety but also to uncover food piracy in freshly commercialized and technologically processed products. Since the extranuclear genomes are present in many copies within each cell, this technology is being more easily exploited to recover information even in degraded samples or transformed materials deriving from crop varieties and livestock species. The strong standardization that characterizes protocols used worldwide for DNA barcoding makes this technology particularly suitable for routine analyses required by agencies to safeguard food safety and quality. Here we conduct a critical review of the potentials of DNA barcoding for food labeling along with the main findings in the area of food piracy, with particular reference to agrifood and livestock foodstuffs. View Full-Text
Keywords: cpDNA barcoding; mtDNA barcoding; genetic traceability; foodstuffs cpDNA barcoding; mtDNA barcoding; genetic traceability; foodstuffs
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Barcaccia, G.; Lucchin, M.; Cassandro, M. DNA Barcoding as a Molecular Tool to Track Down Mislabeling and Food Piracy. Diversity 2016, 8, 2.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Diversity EISSN 1424-2818 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top