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Diversity 2015, 7(2), 74-104; doi:10.3390/d7020074

An International Assessment of Mangrove Management: Incorporation in Integrated Coastal Zone Management

1
Conservation Department, Galveston Bay Foundation, 17330 Texas 3, Webster, TX 77598, USA
2
Department of Political Sciences, 549 Ross Hall, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
3
Farquhar College of Arts and Sciences, Nova Southeastern University, 3301 College Ave., Fort Lauderdale, FL 33314, USA
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Peter Saenger
Received: 27 February 2015 / Revised: 9 April 2015 / Accepted: 9 April 2015 / Published: 16 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mangrove Conservation)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [281 KB, uploaded 17 April 2015]

Abstract

Due to increasing recognition of the benefits provided by mangrove ecosystems, protection policies have emerged under both wetland and forestry programs. However, little consistency remains among these programs and inadequate coordination exists among sectors of government. With approximately 123 countries containing mangroves, the need for global management of these ecosystems is crucial to sustain the industries (i.e., fisheries, timber, and tourism) and coastal communities that mangroves support and protect. To determine the most effective form of mangrove management, this review examines management guidelines, particularly those associated with Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM). Five case studies were reviewed to further explore the fundamentals of mangrove management. The management methodologies of two developed nations as well as three developing nations were assessed to encompass comprehensive influences on mangrove management, such as socioeconomics, politics, and land-use regulations. Based on this review, successful mangrove management will require a blend of forestry, wetland, and ICZM programs in addition to the cooperation of all levels of government. Legally binding policies, particularly at the international level, will be essential to successful mangrove management, which must include the preservation of existing mangrove habitat and restoration of damaged mangroves. View Full-Text
Keywords: mangrove conservation; ecosystem management; integrated coastal zone management; land-use policy; economic valuation mangrove conservation; ecosystem management; integrated coastal zone management; land-use policy; economic valuation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Carter, H.N.; Schmidt, S.W.; Hirons, A.C. An International Assessment of Mangrove Management: Incorporation in Integrated Coastal Zone Management. Diversity 2015, 7, 74-104.

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