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Diversity 2014, 6(3), 415-499; doi:10.3390/d6030415

Diversity of Secondary Metabolites in the Genus Silene L. (Caryophyllaceae)—Structures, Distribution, and Biological Properties

1
Institute of the Chemistry of Plant Substances AS RUz, Mirzo Ulugbek Str. 77, Tashkent 100170, Uzbekistan
2
Sorbonne Universités, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, IBPS-BIOSIPE, Case Courrier n°29, 7 Quai Saint Bernard F-75252, Paris cedex 05, France
3
Heidelberg University, Institute of Pharmacy and Molecular Biotechnology, Im Neuenheimer Feld 364, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 May 2014 / Revised: 26 June 2014 / Accepted: 1 July 2014 / Published: 11 July 2014
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Abstract

The genus Silene (family Caryophyllaceae) comprises more than 700 species, which are widely distributed in temperate zones of the Northern Hemisphere, but are also present in Africa and have been introduced in other continents. Silene produces a high diversity of secondary metabolites and many of them show interesting biological and pharmacological activities. More than 450 compounds have been isolated; important classes include phytoecdysteroids (which mimic insect molting hormones), triterpene saponins (with detergent properties), volatiles, other terpenoids and phenolics. This review focusses on the phytochemical diversity, distribution of Silene secondary metabolites and their biological activities. View Full-Text
Keywords: Silene; Caryophyllaceae; diversity; secondary metabolites; pharmacology; biological properties Silene; Caryophyllaceae; diversity; secondary metabolites; pharmacology; biological properties
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Mamadalieva, N.Z.; Lafont, R.; Wink, M. Diversity of Secondary Metabolites in the Genus Silene L. (Caryophyllaceae)—Structures, Distribution, and Biological Properties. Diversity 2014, 6, 415-499.

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