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Diversity 2013, 5(4), 734-749; doi:10.3390/d5040734
Communication

Oviposition Decision of the Weevil Exapion ulicis on Ulex europaeus Depends on External and Internal Pod Cues

1,2
, 1
, 1
 and 1,*
1 ECOBIO, CNRS/Université de Rennes 1/ueb, Bt 14A, Campus de Beaulieu, Rennes Cedex 35042, France 2 Institut de Biologie Intégrative et des Systèmes, 1030 Avenue de la Médecine, PQ G1V 0A6, Canada
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 June 2013 / Revised: 13 August 2013 / Accepted: 13 September 2013 / Published: 30 September 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diversity of Plant-Insect Interactions)
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Abstract

Understanding mechanisms underlying insects’ host choice and plant susceptibility is important to the study of plant-insect interactions in general, and in the context of plant invasions. This study investigates the oviposition and feeding choices of the specialist weevil Exapion ulicis on the invasive plant species Ulex europaeus, gorse. To do so, we studied the oviposition and feeding preferences of the weevil in choice experiments, using pods and flowers, respectively, from gorses grown in a common garden. The plants used came from regions with different infestation histories: Brittany and Scotland belong to the native range, where the weevil is present, while Reunion and New Zealand belong to the invasive range, where the weevil was not initially introduced with gorse. Results of these experiments suggest that the oviposition choice of E. ulicis females is driven by cues located at the surface of pods and inside them, including pod size and pod seed content. Feeding-choice experiments showed a different pattern of preference compared to oviposition. Taken together with previous studies, our results reveal that E. ulicis uses several traits to choose its host, including whole-plant traits, flower traits and pod traits.
Keywords: host choice; oviposition behaviour; phytophagous insect; biological invasions; enemy release; Ulex europaeus; Exapion ulicis host choice; oviposition behaviour; phytophagous insect; biological invasions; enemy release; Ulex europaeus; Exapion ulicis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Hornoy, B.; Tarayre, M.; Pierre, J.-S.; Atlan, A. Oviposition Decision of the Weevil Exapion ulicis on Ulex europaeus Depends on External and Internal Pod Cues. Diversity 2013, 5, 734-749.

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