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The Canarian Camel: A Traditional Dromedary Population
Camino del Aleman 5, 04250 Pechina, Almeria, Spain
Laboratorio de Genética, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad Complutense, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Laboratorio de Genética Molecular Aplicada, Departamento de Genética, Universidad de Córdoba, 14071 Córdoba, Spain
Servicio de Ganadería, Diputación Foral de Bizkaia, Avenida Lehendakari Agirre 9-2º, 48014 Bilbao, Spain
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 January 2010; in revised form: 10 March 2010 / Accepted: 11 March 2010 / Published: 7 April 2010
Abstract: The domestic camel (dromedary) is the most important livestock species in the Canary Islands and the most important autochthonous European camel population. After six centuries of a successful adaptation process to the particular environment of the Canary Islands, the abandonment of traditional agriculture has led this population to a major bottleneck. Along with a lack of foreign genetic interchanges, this could lead the population to the brink of extinction. Genetic analysis using 13 microsatellites showed the closest genetic proximity to the North African (Tindouf, Algeria) camel population and a certain degree of sub-division, with significant genetic differences among breeders. An important level of genetic differentiation among the different populations analyzed was found with a global FST value of 0.116.
Keywords: Canary Islands camel; dromedary; genetic diversity; microsatellite
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Schulz, U.; Tupac-Yupanqui, I.; Martínez, A.; Méndez, S.; Delgado, J.V.; Gómez, M.; Dunner, S.; Cañón, J. The Canarian Camel: A Traditional Dromedary Population. Diversity 2010, 2, 561-571.
Schulz U, Tupac-Yupanqui I, Martínez A, Méndez S, Delgado JV, Gómez M, Dunner S, Cañón J. The Canarian Camel: A Traditional Dromedary Population. Diversity. 2010; 2(4):561-571.
Schulz, Ursula; Tupac-Yupanqui, Isabel; Martínez, Amparo; Méndez, Susy; Delgado, Juan Vicente; Gómez, Mariano; Dunner, Susana; Cañón, Javier. 2010. "The Canarian Camel: A Traditional Dromedary Population." Diversity 2, no. 4: 561-571.