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Diversity 2010, 2(4), 561-571; doi:10.3390/d2040561

The Canarian Camel: A Traditional Dromedary Population

1 Camino del Aleman 5, 04250 Pechina, Almeria, Spain 2 Laboratorio de Genética, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad Complutense, 28040 Madrid, Spain 3 Laboratorio de Genética Molecular Aplicada, Departamento de Genética, Universidad de Córdoba, 14071 Córdoba, Spain 4 Servicio de Ganadería, Diputación Foral de Bizkaia, Avenida Lehendakari Agirre 9-2º, 48014 Bilbao, Spain
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 January 2010 / Revised: 10 March 2010 / Accepted: 11 March 2010 / Published: 7 April 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biological Diversity Assessed by Molecular Methods)
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The domestic camel (dromedary) is the most important livestock species in the Canary Islands and the most important autochthonous European camel population. After six centuries of a successful adaptation process to the particular environment of the Canary Islands, the abandonment of traditional agriculture has led this population to a major bottleneck. Along with a lack of foreign genetic interchanges, this could lead the population to the brink of extinction. Genetic analysis using 13 microsatellites showed the closest genetic proximity to the North African (Tindouf, Algeria) camel population and a certain degree of sub-division, with significant genetic differences among breeders. An important level of genetic differentiation among the different populations analyzed was found with a global FST value of 0.116.
Keywords: Canary Islands camel; dromedary; genetic diversity; microsatellite Canary Islands camel; dromedary; genetic diversity; microsatellite
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Schulz, U.; Tupac-Yupanqui, I.; Martínez, A.; Méndez, S.; Delgado, J.V.; Gómez, M.; Dunner, S.; Cañón, J. The Canarian Camel: A Traditional Dromedary Population. Diversity 2010, 2, 561-571.

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