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Diversity 2010, 2(2), 256-280; doi:10.3390/d2020256
Article

The Historical Ecology of Human and Wild Primate Malarias in the New World

Received: 15 December 2009 / Accepted: 22 February 2010 / Published: 24 February 2010
Download PDF [284 KB, uploaded 24 February 2010]

Abstract

The origin and subsequent proliferation of malarias capable of infecting humans in South America remain unclear, particularly with respect to the role of Neotropical monkeys in the infectious chain. The evidence to date will be reviewed for Pre-Columbian human malaria, introduction with colonization, zoonotic transfer from cebid monkeys, and anthroponotic transfer to monkeys. Cultural behaviors (primate hunting and pet-keeping) and ecological changes favorable to proliferation of mosquito vectors are also addressed.
Keywords: Amazonia; malaria; Neotropical monkeys; historical ecology; ethnoprimatology Amazonia; malaria; Neotropical monkeys; historical ecology; ethnoprimatology
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Cormier, L.A. The Historical Ecology of Human and Wild Primate Malarias in the New World. Diversity 2010, 2, 256-280.

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