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The Historical Ecology of Human and Wild Primate Malarias in the New World
Department of History and Anthropology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1401 University Boulevard, Birmingham, AL 35294-115, USA
Received: 15 December 2009; Accepted: 22 February 2010 / Published: 24 February 2010
Abstract: The origin and subsequent proliferation of malarias capable of infecting humans in South America remain unclear, particularly with respect to the role of Neotropical monkeys in the infectious chain. The evidence to date will be reviewed for Pre-Columbian human malaria, introduction with colonization, zoonotic transfer from cebid monkeys, and anthroponotic transfer to monkeys. Cultural behaviors (primate hunting and pet-keeping) and ecological changes favorable to proliferation of mosquito vectors are also addressed.
Keywords: Amazonia; malaria; Neotropical monkeys; historical ecology; ethnoprimatology
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MDPI and ACS Style
Cormier, L.A. The Historical Ecology of Human and Wild Primate Malarias in the New World. Diversity 2010, 2, 256-280.
Cormier LA. The Historical Ecology of Human and Wild Primate Malarias in the New World. Diversity. 2010; 2(2):256-280.
Cormier, Loretta A. 2010. "The Historical Ecology of Human and Wild Primate Malarias in the New World." Diversity 2, no. 2: 256-280.