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Diversity 2010, 2(2), 256-280; doi:10.3390/d2020256

The Historical Ecology of Human and Wild Primate Malarias in the New World

Department of History and Anthropology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1401 University Boulevard, Birmingham, AL 35294-115, USA
Received: 15 December 2009 / Accepted: 22 February 2010 / Published: 24 February 2010
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The origin and subsequent proliferation of malarias capable of infecting humans in South America remain unclear, particularly with respect to the role of Neotropical monkeys in the infectious chain. The evidence to date will be reviewed for Pre-Columbian human malaria, introduction with colonization, zoonotic transfer from cebid monkeys, and anthroponotic transfer to monkeys. Cultural behaviors (primate hunting and pet-keeping) and ecological changes favorable to proliferation of mosquito vectors are also addressed. View Full-Text
Keywords: Amazonia; malaria; Neotropical monkeys; historical ecology; ethnoprimatology Amazonia; malaria; Neotropical monkeys; historical ecology; ethnoprimatology
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Cormier, L.A. The Historical Ecology of Human and Wild Primate Malarias in the New World. Diversity 2010, 2, 256-280.

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