Open AccessThis article is
- freely available
Biocultural Diversity in the Southern Amazon
Department of Anthropology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
Received: 18 November 2009; Accepted: 18 December 2009 / Published: 24 December 2009
Abstract: Recent studies in Amazonia historical ecology have revealed substantial diversity and dynamic change in coupled natural human systems. In the southern Amazon, several headwater basins show evidence of substantial pre-Columbian landscape modification, particularly in areas historically dominated by speakers of the Arawak language family. The headwater basin of the Xingu River, the easternmost of these areas occupied by Arawak-speaking peoples, has revealed such a complex built environment. This discussion examines settlement pattern and land-use, which have implications for understanding the dynamics of natural-human systems in the Upper Xingu basin and other areas across the transitional forests of the southern Amazon.
Keywords: anthropogenic landscapes; pre-Columbian complex societies; cultural diversity
Citations to this Article
Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Heckenberger, M. Biocultural Diversity in the Southern Amazon. Diversity 2010, 2, 1-16.
Heckenberger M. Biocultural Diversity in the Southern Amazon. Diversity. 2010; 2(1):1-16.
Heckenberger, Michael. 2010. "Biocultural Diversity in the Southern Amazon." Diversity 2, no. 1: 1-16.