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Diversity 2010, 2(1), 1-16; doi:10.3390/d2010001

Biocultural Diversity in the Southern Amazon

Department of Anthropology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
Received: 18 November 2009 / Accepted: 18 December 2009 / Published: 24 December 2009
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Recent studies in Amazonia historical ecology have revealed substantial diversity and dynamic change in coupled natural human systems. In the southern Amazon, several headwater basins show evidence of substantial pre-Columbian landscape modification, particularly in areas historically dominated by speakers of the Arawak language family. The headwater basin of the Xingu River, the easternmost of these areas occupied by Arawak-speaking peoples, has revealed such a complex built environment. This discussion examines settlement pattern and land-use, which have implications for understanding the dynamics of natural-human systems in the Upper Xingu basin and other areas across the transitional forests of the southern Amazon. View Full-Text
Keywords: anthropogenic landscapes; pre-Columbian complex societies; cultural diversity anthropogenic landscapes; pre-Columbian complex societies; cultural diversity

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Heckenberger, M. Biocultural Diversity in the Southern Amazon. Diversity 2010, 2, 1-16.

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