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Mine Spoil Prairies Expand Critical Habitat for Endangered and Threatened Amphibian and Reptile Species
Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Indiana University School of Medicine–TH, Rm. 135 Holmstedt Hall, ISU, Terre Haute, IN 47809, USA
Department of Biology, Indiana State University, Terre Haute, IN 47809, USA
U.S. Geological Survey, Earth Resources Observation and Science Center, 47914 252nd Street, Sioux Falls, SD 57198-0001, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 October 2009; Accepted: 13 November 2009 / Published: 17 November 2009
Abstract: Coal extraction has been occurring in the Midwestern United States for over a century. Despite the pre-mining history of the landscape as woodlands, spent surface coalfields are often reclaimed to grasslands. We assessed amphibian and reptile species on a large tract of coal spoil prairie and found 13 species of amphibians (nine frog and four salamander species) and 19 species of reptiles (one lizard, five turtle, and 13 snake species). Two state-endangered and three state species of special concern were documented. The amphibian diversity at our study site was comparable to the diversity found at a large restored prairie situated 175 km north, within the historic prairie peninsula.
Keywords: amphibian; reptile; declines; habitat loss; prairie
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Lannoo, M.J.; Kinney, V.C.; Heemeyer, J.L.; Engbrecht, N.J.; Gallant, A.L.; Klaver, R.W. Mine Spoil Prairies Expand Critical Habitat for Endangered and Threatened Amphibian and Reptile Species. Diversity 2009, 1, 118-132.
Lannoo MJ, Kinney VC, Heemeyer JL, Engbrecht NJ, Gallant AL, Klaver RW. Mine Spoil Prairies Expand Critical Habitat for Endangered and Threatened Amphibian and Reptile Species. Diversity. 2009; 1(2):118-132.
Lannoo, Michael J.; Kinney, Vanessa C.; Heemeyer, Jennifer L.; Engbrecht, Nathan J.; Gallant, Alisa L.; Klaver, Robert W. 2009. "Mine Spoil Prairies Expand Critical Habitat for Endangered and Threatened Amphibian and Reptile Species." Diversity 1, no. 2: 118-132.