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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2008, 9(3), 272-298; doi:10.3390/ijms9030272
Article

Closing in on Chemical Bonds by Opening up Relativity Theory

Received: 4 December 2007; in revised form: 15 February 2008 / Accepted: 26 February 2008 / Published: 12 March 2008
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Chemical Bond and Bonding)
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Abstract: This paper develops a connection between the phenomenology of chemical bonding and the theory of relativity. Empirical correlations between electron numbers in atoms and chemical bond stabilities in molecules are first reviewed and extended. Quantitative chemical bond strengths are then related to ionization potentials in elements. Striking patterns in ionization potentials are revealed when the data are viewed in an element-independent way, where element-specific details are removed via an appropriate scaling law. The scale factor involved is not explained by quantum mechanics; it is revealed only when one goes back further, to the development of Einstein’s special relativity theory.
Keywords: Chemical Bonds; Ionization Potentials; Quantum Mechanics; Special Relativity Theory; Two Step Light Theory. Chemical Bonds; Ionization Potentials; Quantum Mechanics; Special Relativity Theory; Two Step Light Theory.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Whitney, C.K. Closing in on Chemical Bonds by Opening up Relativity Theory. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2008, 9, 272-298.

AMA Style

Whitney CK. Closing in on Chemical Bonds by Opening up Relativity Theory. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2008; 9(3):272-298.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Whitney, Cynthia K. 2008. "Closing in on Chemical Bonds by Opening up Relativity Theory." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 9, no. 3: 272-298.



Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert