Open AccessThis article is
- freely available
Octopamine Levels in Blattella Germanica L. Tissues by Capillary Gas Chromatography with Electron Capture Detection
College of Applied Chemistry, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100094, P. R. China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 October 2004; Accepted: 18 May 2005 / Published: 24 May 2005
Abstract: Distribution and levels of octopamine (OA), one of the biogenic amines in the invertebrate nervous system, may have significant effects on insect physiological processes including growth, feeding and reproduction. In this paper capillary gas chromatography with electron capture detection (GC-ECD) and mass selective detection (GC-MS) were used to determine the content of OA in Blattella germanica L. central nervous system (CNS), and that of OA in cockroach stressed by kinds of insecticides, known octopaminergic agonists and some essential oils. A derivatization method for organic extracts via reaction with pentafluoropropionic anhydride (PFPA) was developed. The resulting OA derivatives were confirmed by GC-MS to be tris-pentafluoropropionyl-OA. The method was used to quantify the amount of OA in insect issues by capillary GC-ECD through an extraction-derivatization-liquid/liquid partition procedure. Average OA content in normal cockroaches was determined to be 68.49 ± 7.31 ng/g tissue (N=5 determinations). It was shown that insecticides including chlordimeform, methomyl, permethrin, chlorfluazuron, malathion, trichlorfon and some oxazolidine agonists, essential oils including eugenol, cinnamic alcohol, phenyl ethyl alcohol could led to significant increase of OA levels in the cockroach CNS comparing with which in insect treated by 1-butanone. Malathion, trichlorfon, chlorfluazuron and cinnamic alcohol were shown to be able to cause a 20- fold increase in OA levels.
Keywords: Octopamine; GC-ECD; trace level; chemical stressors; cockroach
Citations to this Article
Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Pandey, C.; Li, W.; Wang, Y.; Jiang, S. Octopamine Levels in Blattella Germanica L. Tissues by Capillary Gas Chromatography with Electron Capture Detection. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2005, 6, 188-197.
Pandey C, Li W, Wang Y, Jiang S. Octopamine Levels in Blattella Germanica L. Tissues by Capillary Gas Chromatography with Electron Capture Detection. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2005; 6(3):188-197.
Pandey, Canping; Li, Weixi; Wang, Yongshan; Jiang, Shuren. 2005. "Octopamine Levels in Blattella Germanica L. Tissues by Capillary Gas Chromatography with Electron Capture Detection." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 6, no. 3: 188-197.