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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(7), 1923; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19071923

In Vitro Transcriptome Response to a Mixture of Lactobacilli Strains in Intestinal Porcine Epithelial Cell Line

1
Laboratory of Animal Biology, National Institute for Research and Development for Biology and Animal Nutrition, Calea Bucuresti No. 1, Balotesti, 077015 Ilfov, Romania
2
Department of Functional Genomics and Experimental Pathology, Research Center for Functional Genomics, Biomedicine and Translational Medicine, “Iuliu Hatieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Str. V. Babes, No. 8, 400000 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
3
Department of Chemistry, Lensfield Road, Centre for Molecular Science Informatics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1EW, UK
4
MEDFUTURE-Research Center for Advanced Medicine, “Iuliu Hatieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 23 Marinescu Street, 400015 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
5
Department of Functional Genomics and Experimental Pathology, The Oncology Institute “Prof. Dr. Ion Chiricuta”, Republicii 34 Street, 400015 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
6
Department of Food Science, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Calea Manastur, No. 3-5, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 May 2018 / Revised: 20 June 2018 / Accepted: 26 June 2018 / Published: 30 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Bioactives and Nutraceuticals)
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Abstract

Background: Food and feed supplements containing microorganisms with probiotic potential are of increasing interest due to their healthy promoting effect on human and animals. Their mechanism of action is still unknown. Using a microarray approach, the aim of this study was to investigate the differences in genome-wide gene expression induced by a mixture of three Lactobacillus strains (L. rhamnosus, L. plantarum, and L. paracasei) in intestinal porcine epithelial cells (IPEC-1) and to identify the genes and pathways involved in intestinal barrier functions. Methods: Undifferentiated IPEC-1 cells seeded at a density of 2.0 × 105/mL in 24-wells culture plates were cultivated at 37 °C and 5% CO2 until they reached confluence (2–3 days). Confluent cells monolayer were then cultivated with 1 mL of fresh lactobacilli (LB) mixture suspension prepared for a concentration of approximately 3.3 × 107 CFU/mL for each strain (1 × 108 CFU/mL in total) for 3 h and analyzed by microarray using Gene Spring GX v.11.5. Results: The functional analysis showed that 1811 of the genes modulated by LB treatment are involved in signaling (95% up-regulation, 121 genes with a fold change higher than 10). The most enhanced expression was registered for AXIN2 (axis inhibition protein 2-AXIN2) gene (13.93 Fc, p = 0.043), a negative regulator of β-catenin with a key role in human cancer. LB affected the cellular proliferation by increasing 10 times (Fc) the NF1 gene encoding for the neurofibromin protein, a tumor suppressor that prevent cells from uncontrolled proliferation. The induction of genes like serpin peptidase inhibitor, clade A member 3 (SERPINA 3), interleukin-20 (IL-20), oncostatin M (OSM), granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), and the suppression of chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 2/macrophage inflammatory protein 2-alpha (CXCL-2/MIP-2), regulator of G-protein signaling 2 (RGS2), and of pro-inflammatory interleukin-18 (IL-18) genes highlights the protective role of lactobacilli in epithelial barrier function against inflammation and in the activation of immune response. Conclusion: Gene overexpression was the predominant effect produced by lactobacilli treatment in IPEC-1 cells, genes related to signaling pathways being the most affected. The protective role of lactobacilli in epithelial barrier function against inflammation and in the activation of immune response was also noticed. View Full-Text
Keywords: intestinal porcine epithelial cells (IPEC-1); lactobacilli; microarray; genome; IPA analysis intestinal porcine epithelial cells (IPEC-1); lactobacilli; microarray; genome; IPA analysis
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Taranu, I.; Marin, D.E.; Braicu, C.; Pistol, G.C.; Sorescu, I.; Pruteanu, L.L.; Berindan Neagoe, I.; Vodnar, D.C. In Vitro Transcriptome Response to a Mixture of Lactobacilli Strains in Intestinal Porcine Epithelial Cell Line. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 1923.

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