Delivery of Proapoptotic Agents in Glioma Cell Lines by TSPO Ligand–Dextran Nanogels
AbstractTranslocator protein 18-kDa (TSPO) is a versatile mitochondrial target for molecular imaging and therapy. Moreover, selective TSPO ligands have been widely investigated for diagnostic purposes and explored to target drug delivery systems directed to cancer cells overexpressing TSPO. Indeed, poly(d,l-lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) polymers and nanocarriers decorated with TSPO ligands are capable of transporting TSPO ligands inside cancer cells, inducing survival inhibition in cancer cells and producing mitochondrial morphology modification. The aim of this work was to prepare nanogels (NGs) made with TSPO ligand dextran conjugates (TSPO-Dex) that are useful as potential delivery systems of two TSPO ligands as apoptotic agents. Synthesis and complete characterization of TSPO–dextran conjugates, an average molecular weights analysis, TSPO ligand release profiles, thermal behaviour and swelling studies were achieved. NG preparation, characterization and in vitro biological studies were also performed. The release of TSPO ligands released from dextran conjugates at 37 °C occurred in human serum at a faster rate than that detected in phosphate buffer. Cytotoxicity studies demonstrated that NGs produced from TSPO ligand–dextran conjugates induce survival inhibition in rat C6 glioma cell lines. Cellular uptake was also proven by fluorescence microscopy. View Full-Text
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Lopalco, A.; Cutrignelli, A.; Denora, N.; Perrone, M.; Iacobazzi, R.M.; Fanizza, E.; Lopedota, A.; Depalo, N.; de Candia, M.; Franco, M.; Laquintana, V. Delivery of Proapoptotic Agents in Glioma Cell Lines by TSPO Ligand–Dextran Nanogels. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 1155.
Lopalco A, Cutrignelli A, Denora N, Perrone M, Iacobazzi RM, Fanizza E, Lopedota A, Depalo N, de Candia M, Franco M, Laquintana V. Delivery of Proapoptotic Agents in Glioma Cell Lines by TSPO Ligand–Dextran Nanogels. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018; 19(4):1155.Chicago/Turabian Style
Lopalco, Antonio; Cutrignelli, Annalisa; Denora, Nunzio; Perrone, Mara; Iacobazzi, Rosa M.; Fanizza, Elisabetta; Lopedota, Angela; Depalo, Nicoletta; de Candia, Modesto; Franco, Massimo; Laquintana, Valentino. 2018. "Delivery of Proapoptotic Agents in Glioma Cell Lines by TSPO Ligand–Dextran Nanogels." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 19, no. 4: 1155.
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