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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(2), 554; doi:10.3390/ijms19020554

The Influences of Soybean Agglutinin and Functional Oligosaccharides on the Intestinal Tract of Monogastric Animals

1
Key Laboratory of Animal Production, Product Quality and Security, Ministry of Education, Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science, Jilin Province, College of Animal Science and Technology, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun 130118, China
2
Animal Production Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Al-Azhar University, Nasr City, Cairo 11884, Egypt
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 December 2017 / Revised: 24 January 2018 / Accepted: 31 January 2018 / Published: 12 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Fibre: New Insights on Biochemistry and Health Benefits)
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Abstract

Soybean agglutinin (SBA) is a non-fiber carbohydrate-related protein and the main anti-nutritional factor that exists in soybean or soybean products. SBA possesses a specific binding affinity for N-glyphthalide-d-galactosamine or galactose and has a covalently linked oligosaccharide chain. SBA mediates negative effects on animal intestinal health by influencing the intestinal structure, barrier function, mucosal immune system, and the balance of the intestinal flora. Functional oligosaccharides are non-digestible dietary oligosaccharides that are commonly applied as prebiotics since the biological effects of the functional oligosaccharides are to increase the host health by improving mucosal structure and function, protecting the integrity of the intestinal structure, modulating immunity, and balancing the gastrointestinal microbiota. The purpose of this review is to describe the structure and anti-nutritional functions of SBA, summarize the influence of SBA and functional oligosaccharides on the intestinal tract of monogastric animals, and emphasize the relationship between SBA and oligosaccharides. This review provides perspectives on applying functional oligosaccharides for alleviating the anti-nutritional effects of SBA on the intestinal tract. View Full-Text
Keywords: soybean agglutinin; oligosaccharides; intestinal health; intestinal structure; microflora soybean agglutinin; oligosaccharides; intestinal health; intestinal structure; microflora
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Pan, L.; Farouk, M.H.; Qin, G.; Zhao, Y.; Bao, N. The Influences of Soybean Agglutinin and Functional Oligosaccharides on the Intestinal Tract of Monogastric Animals. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 554.

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