Peptide-Based Membrane Fusion Inhibitors Targeting HCoV-229E Spike Protein HR1 and HR2 Domains
AbstractHuman coronavirus 229E (HCoV-229E) infection in infants, elderly people, and immunocompromised patients can cause severe disease, thus calling for the development of effective and safe therapeutics to treat it. Here we reported the design, synthesis and characterization of two peptide-based membrane fusion inhibitors targeting HCoV-229E spike protein heptad repeat 1 (HR1) and heptad repeat 2 (HR2) domains, 229E-HR1P and 229E-HR2P, respectively. We found that 229E-HR1P and 229E-HR2P could interact to form a stable six-helix bundle and inhibit HCoV-229E spike protein-mediated cell-cell fusion with IC50 of 5.7 and 0.3 µM, respectively. 229E-HR2P effectively inhibited pseudotyped and live HCoV-229E infection with IC50 of 0.5 and 1.7 µM, respectively. In a mouse model, 229E-HR2P administered intranasally could widely distribute in the upper and lower respiratory tracts and maintain its fusion-inhibitory activity. Therefore, 229E-HR2P is a promising candidate for further development as an antiviral agent for the treatment and prevention of HCoV-229E infection. View Full-Text
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Xia, S.; Xu, W.; Wang, Q.; Wang, C.; Hua, C.; Li, W.; Lu, L.; Jiang, S. Peptide-Based Membrane Fusion Inhibitors Targeting HCoV-229E Spike Protein HR1 and HR2 Domains. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 487.
Xia S, Xu W, Wang Q, Wang C, Hua C, Li W, Lu L, Jiang S. Peptide-Based Membrane Fusion Inhibitors Targeting HCoV-229E Spike Protein HR1 and HR2 Domains. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018; 19(2):487.Chicago/Turabian Style
Xia, Shuai; Xu, Wei; Wang, Qian; Wang, Cong; Hua, Chen; Li, Weihua; Lu, Lu; Jiang, Shibo. 2018. "Peptide-Based Membrane Fusion Inhibitors Targeting HCoV-229E Spike Protein HR1 and HR2 Domains." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 19, no. 2: 487.
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