VEGF Signaling in Neurological Disorders
AbstractVascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent growth factor playing diverse roles in vasculogenesis and angiogenesis. In the brain, VEGF mediates angiogenesis, neural migration and neuroprotection. As a permeability factor, excessive VEGF disrupts intracellular barriers, increases leakage of the choroid plexus endothelia, evokes edema, and activates the inflammatory pathway. Recently, we discovered that a heparin binding epidermal growth factor like growth factor (HB-EGF)—a class of EGF receptor (EGFR) family ligands—contributes to the development of hydrocephalus with subarachnoid hemorrhage through activation of VEGF signaling. The objective of this review is to entail a recent update on causes of death due to neurological disorders involving cerebrovascular and age-related neurological conditions and to understand the mechanism by which angiogenesis-dependent pathological events can be treated with VEGF antagonisms. The Global Burden of Disease study indicates that cancer and cardiovascular disease including ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke are two leading causes of death worldwide. The literature suggests that VEGF signaling in ischemic brains highlights the importance of concentration, timing, and alternate route of modulating VEGF signaling pathway. Molecular targets distinguishing two distinct pathways of VEGF signaling may provide novel therapies for the treatment of neurological disorders and for maintaining lower mortality due to these conditions. View Full-Text
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Shim, J.W.; Madsen, J.R. VEGF Signaling in Neurological Disorders. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 275.
Shim JW, Madsen JR. VEGF Signaling in Neurological Disorders. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018; 19(1):275.Chicago/Turabian Style
Shim, Joon W.; Madsen, Joseph R. 2018. "VEGF Signaling in Neurological Disorders." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 19, no. 1: 275.
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