Mangiferin Accelerates Glycolysis and Enhances Mitochondrial Bioenergetics
AbstractOne of the main causes of hyperglycemia is inefficient or impaired glucose utilization by skeletal muscle, which can be exacerbated by chronic high caloric intake. Previously, we identified a natural compound, mangiferin (MGF) that improved glucose utilization in high fat diet (HFD)-induced insulin resistant mice. To further identify the molecular mechanisms of MGF action on glucose metabolism, we conducted targeted metabolomics and transcriptomics studies of glycolyic and mitochondrial bioenergetics pathways in skeletal muscle. These data revealed that MGF increased glycolytic metabolites that were further augmented as glycolysis proceeded from the early to the late steps. Consistent with an MGF-stimulation of glycolytic flux there was a concomitant increase in the expression of enzymes catalyzing glycolysis. MGF also increased important metabolites in the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, such as α-ketoglutarate and fumarate. Interestingly however, there was a reduction in succinate, a metabolite that also feeds into the electron transport chain to produce energy. MGF increased succinate clearance by enhancing the expression and activity of succinate dehydrogenase, leading to increased ATP production. At the transcriptional level, MGF induced mRNAs of mitochondrial genes and their transcriptional factors. Together, these data suggest that MGF upregulates mitochondrial oxidative capacity that likely drives the acceleration of glycolysis flux. View Full-Text
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Liu, Z.; Apontes, P.; Fomenko, E.V.; Chi, N.; Schuster, V.L.; Kurland, I.J.; Pessin, J.E.; Chi, Y. Mangiferin Accelerates Glycolysis and Enhances Mitochondrial Bioenergetics. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 201.
Liu Z, Apontes P, Fomenko EV, Chi N, Schuster VL, Kurland IJ, Pessin JE, Chi Y. Mangiferin Accelerates Glycolysis and Enhances Mitochondrial Bioenergetics. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018; 19(1):201.Chicago/Turabian Style
Liu, Zhongbo; Apontes, Pasha; Fomenko, Ekaterina V.; Chi, Nan; Schuster, Victor L.; Kurland, Irwin J.; Pessin, Jeffrey E.; Chi, Yuling. 2018. "Mangiferin Accelerates Glycolysis and Enhances Mitochondrial Bioenergetics." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 19, no. 1: 201.
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