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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18(9), 1919; doi:10.3390/ijms18091919

Comparative Gene Mapping as a Tool to Understand the Evolution of Pest Crop Insect Chromosomes

Department of Life Sciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena 41125, Italy
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Received: 8 August 2017 / Revised: 31 August 2017 / Accepted: 5 September 2017 / Published: 7 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular Entomology of Insects of Economic Importance)
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Abstract

The extent of the conservation of synteny and gene order in aphids has been previously investigated only by comparing a small subset of linkage groups between the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum and a few other aphid species. Here we compared the localization of eight A. pisum scaffolds (covering more than 5 Mb and 83 genes) in respect to the Drosophila melanogaster Muller elements identifying orthologous loci spanning all the four A. pisum chromosomes. Comparison of the genetic maps revealed a conserved synteny across different loci suggesting that the study of the fruit fly Muller elements could favour the identification of chromosomal markers useful for the study of chromosomal rearrangements in aphids. A. pisum is the first aphid species to have its genome sequenced and the finding that there are several chromosomal regions in synteny between Diptera and Hemiptera indicates that the genomic tools developed in A. pisum will be broadly useful not only for the study of other aphids but also for other insect species. View Full-Text
Keywords: aphid chromosomes; Muller elements; chromosomal rearrangements; synteny aphid chromosomes; Muller elements; chromosomal rearrangements; synteny
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Mandrioli, M.; Zambonini, G.; Manicardi, G.C. Comparative Gene Mapping as a Tool to Understand the Evolution of Pest Crop Insect Chromosomes. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 1919.

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