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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18(6), 1170; doi:10.3390/ijms18061170

Local Actions of Melatonin in Somatic Cells of the Testis

Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Vuelta de Obligado 2490, Buenos Aires 1428, Argentina
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Russel J. Reiter and Chang Won Choi
Received: 23 February 2017 / Revised: 18 May 2017 / Accepted: 18 May 2017 / Published: 31 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Melatonin and Its Analogues: Experimental and Clinical Aspects)
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Abstract

The pineal hormone melatonin regulates testicular function through the hypothalamic-adenohypophyseal axis. In addition, direct actions of melatonin in somatic cells of the testis have been described. Melatonin acts as a local modulator of the endocrine activity in Leydig cells. In Sertoli cells, melatonin influences cellular growth, proliferation, energy metabolism and the oxidation state, and consequently may regulate spermatogenesis. These data pinpoint melatonin as a key player in the regulation of testicular physiology (i.e., steroidogenesis, spermatogenesis) mostly in seasonal breeders. In patients with idiopathic infertility, melatonin exerts anti-proliferative and anti-inflammatory effects on testicular macrophages, and provides protective effects against oxidative stress in testicular mast cells. Consequently, melatonin is also involved in the modulation of inflammatory and oxidant/anti-oxidant states in testicular pathology. Overall, the literature data indicate that melatonin has important effects on testicular function and male reproduction. View Full-Text
Keywords: melatonin; testis; androgen production; oxidative stress; inflammation; infertility; Leydig cells; Sertoli cells; mast cells; macrophages melatonin; testis; androgen production; oxidative stress; inflammation; infertility; Leydig cells; Sertoli cells; mast cells; macrophages
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Frungieri, M.B.; Calandra, R.S.; Rossi, S.P. Local Actions of Melatonin in Somatic Cells of the Testis. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 1170.

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