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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18(3), 555; doi:10.3390/ijms18030555

Effects and Mechanisms of Fruit and Vegetable Juices on Cardiovascular Diseases

1
Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Food, Nutrition and Health, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China
2
School of Chinese Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
3
South China Sea Bioresource Exploitation and Utilization Collaborative Innovation Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510006, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Lorenza Speranza and Sara Franceschelli
Received: 20 January 2017 / Revised: 23 February 2017 / Accepted: 28 February 2017 / Published: 4 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Correlation between Nutrition, Oxidative Stress and Disease)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [247 KB, uploaded 4 March 2017]   |  

Abstract

Many studies have indicated that consumption of vegetables and fruits are positively related to lower incidence of several chronic noncommunicable diseases. Although composition of fruit and vegetable juices is different from that of the edible portion of fruits and vegetables, they contain polyphenols and vitamins from fruits and vegetables. Drinking vegetable and fruit juices is very popular in many countries, and also an efficient way to improve consumption of fruits and vegetables. The studies showed that fruit and vegetable juices affect cardiovascular risk factors, such as lowering blood pressure and improving blood lipid profiles. The main mechanisms of action included antioxidant effects, improvement of the aspects of the cardiovascular system, inhibition of platelet aggregation, anti-inflammatory effects, and prevention of hyperhomocysteinemia. Drinking juices might be a potential way to improve cardiovascular health, especially mixtures of juices because they contain a variety of polyphenols, vitamins, and minerals from different fruits and vegetables. This review summarizes recent studies on the effects of fruit and vegetable juices on indicators of cardiovascular disease, and special attention is paid to the mechanisms of action. View Full-Text
Keywords: fruit juice; vegetable juice; cardiovascular disease; blood pressure; cholesterol fruit juice; vegetable juice; cardiovascular disease; blood pressure; cholesterol
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zheng, J.; Zhou, Y.; Li, S.; Zhang, P.; Zhou, T.; Xu, D.-P.; Li, H.-B. Effects and Mechanisms of Fruit and Vegetable Juices on Cardiovascular Diseases. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 555.

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