Switching between Successful and Dead-End Intermediates in Membrane Fusion
AbstractFusion of cellular membranes during normal biological processes, including proliferation, or synaptic transmission, is mediated and controlled by sophisticated protein machinery ensuring the preservation of the vital barrier function of the membrane throughout the process. Fusion of virus particles with host cell membranes is more sparingly arranged and often mediated by a single fusion protein, and the virus can afford to be less discriminative towards the possible different outcomes of fusion attempts. Formation of leaky intermediates was recently observed in some fusion processes, and an alternative trajectory of the process involving formation of π-shaped structures was suggested. In this study, we apply the methods of elasticity theory and Lagrangian formalism augmented by phenomenological and molecular geometry constraints and boundary conditions to investigate the traits of this trajectory and the drivers behind the choice of one of the possible scenarios depending on the properties of the system. The alternative pathway proved to be a dead end, and, depending on the parameters of the participating membranes and fusion proteins, the system can either reversibly enter the corresponding “leaky” configuration or be trapped in it. A parametric study in the biologically relevant range of variables emphasized the fusion protein properties crucial for the choice of the fusion scenario. View Full-Text
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Molotkovsky, R.J.; Galimzyanov, T.R.; Jiménez-Munguía, I.; Pavlov, K.V.; Batishchev, O.V.; Akimov, S.A. Switching between Successful and Dead-End Intermediates in Membrane Fusion. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 2598.
Molotkovsky RJ, Galimzyanov TR, Jiménez-Munguía I, Pavlov KV, Batishchev OV, Akimov SA. Switching between Successful and Dead-End Intermediates in Membrane Fusion. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2017; 18(12):2598.Chicago/Turabian Style
Molotkovsky, Rodion J.; Galimzyanov, Timur R.; Jiménez-Munguía, Irene; Pavlov, Konstantin V.; Batishchev, Oleg V.; Akimov, Sergey A. 2017. "Switching between Successful and Dead-End Intermediates in Membrane Fusion." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18, no. 12: 2598.
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