Adjuvant Biological Therapies in Chronic Leg Ulcers
AbstractCurrent biological treatments for non-healing wounds aim to address the common deviations in healing mechanisms, mainly inflammation, inadequate angiogenesis and reduced synthesis of extracellular matrix. In this context, regenerative medicine strategies, i.e., platelet rich plasmas and mesenchymal stromal cell products, may form part of adjuvant interventions in an integral patient management. We synthesized the clinical experience on ulcer management using these two categories of biological adjuvants. The results of ten controlled trials that are included in this systematic review favor the use of mesenchymal stromal cell based-adjuvants for impaired wound healing, but the number and quality of studies is moderate-low and are complicated by the diversity of biological products. Regarding platelet-derived products, 18 controlled studies investigated their efficacy in chronic wounds in the lower limb, but the heterogeneity of products and protocols hinders clinically meaningful quantitative synthesis. Most patients were diabetic, emphasizing an unmet medical need in this condition. Overall, there is not sufficient evidence to inform routine care, and further clinical research is necessary to realize the full potential of adjuvant regenerative medicine strategies in the management of chronic leg ulcers. View Full-Text
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Burgos-Alonso, N.; Lobato, I.; Hernández, I.; Sebastian, K.S.; Rodríguez, B.; Grandes, G.; Andia, I. Adjuvant Biological Therapies in Chronic Leg Ulcers. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 2561.
Burgos-Alonso N, Lobato I, Hernández I, Sebastian KS, Rodríguez B, Grandes G, Andia I. Adjuvant Biological Therapies in Chronic Leg Ulcers. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2017; 18(12):2561.Chicago/Turabian Style
Burgos-Alonso, Natalia; Lobato, Igone; Hernández, Igone; Sebastian, Kepa S.; Rodríguez, Begoña; Grandes, Gontzal; Andia, Isabel. 2017. "Adjuvant Biological Therapies in Chronic Leg Ulcers." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18, no. 12: 2561.
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