Probing Protein Glycation by Chromatography and Mass Spectrometry: Analysis of Glycation Adducts
AbstractGlycation is a non-enzymatic post-translational modification of proteins, formed by the reaction of reducing sugars and α-dicarbonyl products of their degradation with amino and guanidino groups of proteins. Resulted early glycation products are readily involved in further transformation, yielding a heterogeneous group of advanced glycation end products (AGEs). Their formation is associated with ageing, metabolic diseases, and thermal processing of foods. Therefore, individual glycation adducts are often considered as the markers of related pathologies and food quality. In this context, their quantification in biological and food matrices is required for diagnostics and establishment of food preparation technologies. For this, exhaustive protein hydrolysis with subsequent amino acid analysis is the strategy of choice. Thereby, multi-step enzymatic digestion procedures ensure good recoveries for the most of AGEs, whereas tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) in the multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode with stable isotope dilution or standard addition represents “a gold standard” for their quantification. Although the spectrum of quantitatively assessed AGE structures is continuously increases, application of untargeted profiling techniques for identification of new products is desired, especially for in vivo characterization of anti-glycative systems. Thereby, due to a high glycative potential of plant metabolites, more attention needs to be paid on plant-derived AGEs. View Full-Text
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Soboleva, A.; Vikhnina, M.; Grishina, T.; Frolov, A. Probing Protein Glycation by Chromatography and Mass Spectrometry: Analysis of Glycation Adducts. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 2557.
Soboleva A, Vikhnina M, Grishina T, Frolov A. Probing Protein Glycation by Chromatography and Mass Spectrometry: Analysis of Glycation Adducts. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2017; 18(12):2557.Chicago/Turabian Style
Soboleva, Alena; Vikhnina, Maria; Grishina, Tatiana; Frolov, Andrej. 2017. "Probing Protein Glycation by Chromatography and Mass Spectrometry: Analysis of Glycation Adducts." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18, no. 12: 2557.
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