Molecular Docking and Screening Studies of New Natural Sortase A Inhibitors
AbstractTo date, multi-drug resistant bacteria represent an increasing health threat, with a high impact on mortality, morbidity, and health costs on a global scale. The ability of bacteria to rapidly and permanently acquire new virulence factors and drug-resistance elements requires the development of new antimicrobial agents and selection of new proper targets, such as sortase A. This specific bacterial target plays an important role in the virulence of many Gram-positive pathogens, and its inhibition should produce a mild evolutionary pressure which will not favor the development of resistance. A primary screening using a fluorescence resonance energy transfer assay was used to experimentally evaluate the inhibitory activity of several compounds on sortase A. Using molecular docking and structure-activity relationship analyses, several lead inhibitors were identified, which were further tested for antimicrobial activity using the well diffusion test and minimum inhibitory concentration. The toxicity was assessed using the Daphnia magna test and used as a future screening filter. Three natural compounds were identified in this study as promising candidates for further development into therapeutically useful anti-infective agents that could be used to treat infections caused by multi-drug resistant bacterial pathogens which include sortase A in their enzymatic set. View Full-Text
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Nitulescu, G.; Nicorescu, I.M.; Olaru, O.T.; Ungurianu, A.; Mihai, D.P.; Zanfirescu, A.; Nitulescu, G.M.; Margina, D. Molecular Docking and Screening Studies of New Natural Sortase A Inhibitors. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 2217.
Nitulescu G, Nicorescu IM, Olaru OT, Ungurianu A, Mihai DP, Zanfirescu A, Nitulescu GM, Margina D. Molecular Docking and Screening Studies of New Natural Sortase A Inhibitors. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2017; 18(10):2217.Chicago/Turabian Style
Nitulescu, Georgiana; Nicorescu, Isabela M.; Olaru, Octavian T.; Ungurianu, Anca; Mihai, Dragos P.; Zanfirescu, Anca; Nitulescu, George M.; Margina, Denisa. 2017. "Molecular Docking and Screening Studies of New Natural Sortase A Inhibitors." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18, no. 10: 2217.
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