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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(9), 1512; doi:10.3390/ijms17091512

Secondary Metabolites of the Endophytic Fungus Lachnum abnorme from Ardisia cornudentata

1
Graduate Institute of Natural Products, College of Pharmacy, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan
2
School of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan
3
Bioresource Collection and Research Center, Food Industry Research and Development Institute, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: David Arráez-Román
Received: 8 July 2016 / Revised: 16 August 2016 / Accepted: 31 August 2016 / Published: 8 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Bioactives and Nutraceuticals)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [819 KB, uploaded 8 September 2016]   |  

Abstract

Fractionation of an EtOAc-soluble fraction of the solid fermentate of an endophytic fungus, Lachnum abnorme Mont. BCRC 09F0006, derived from the endemic plant, Ardisia cornudentata Mez. (Myrsinaceae), resulted in the isolation of three new chromones, lachnochromonins D–F (13), one novel compound, lachabnormic acid (4), along with nine known compounds (513). Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic analyses. Alternariol-3,9-dimethyl ether (6) was given the correct data as well as 2D spectral analyses for the first time. This is the first report of the isolation of one unprecedented compound 4 from Lachnum genus, while all known compounds were also found for the first time from Lachnum. The effects of some isolates (3, 4, 79, 10, and 13) on the inhibition of nitric oxide (NO) production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated RAW 264.7 murine macrophages were also evaluated. Several compounds exhibited weak inhibitory activity on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated NO production in RAW 264.7 macrophages. View Full-Text
Keywords: Lachnum abnorme; Ardisia cornudentata; myrsinaceae; stem; anti-inflammatory activity Lachnum abnorme; Ardisia cornudentata; myrsinaceae; stem; anti-inflammatory activity
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Chang, H.-S.; Lin, C.-H.; Chen, Y.-S.; Wang, H.-C.; Chan, H.-Y.; Hsieh, S.-Y.; Wu, H.-C.; Cheng, M.-J.; Yuan, G.-F.; Lin, S.-Y.; Lin, Y.-J.; Chen, I.-S. Secondary Metabolites of the Endophytic Fungus Lachnum abnorme from Ardisia cornudentata. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1512.

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