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Open AccessCommunication
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(9), 1473; doi:10.3390/ijms17091473

Plant Defensins NaD1 and NaD2 Induce Different Stress Response Pathways in Fungi

1
Plant Breeding Institute Cobbitty, The University of Sydney, Private Bag 4011, Narellan, NSW 2567, Australia
2
La Trobe Institute for Molecular Science, La Trobe University, Melbourne, VIC 3086, Australia
3
Departamento de Genética, Campus de Excelencia Internacional Agroalimentario ceiA3, Universidad de Córdoba, Córdoba 14071, Spain
4
Department of Animal, Plant and Soil Sciences, AgriBio, La Trobe University, Bundoora, VIC 3083, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marcello Iriti
Received: 4 August 2016 / Revised: 4 August 2016 / Accepted: 25 August 2016 / Published: 3 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Molecular Botany)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4592 KB, uploaded 3 September 2016]   |  

Abstract

Nicotiana alata defensins 1 and 2 (NaD1 and NaD2) are plant defensins from the ornamental tobacco that have antifungal activity against a variety of fungal pathogens. Some plant defensins interact with fungal cell wall O-glycosylated proteins. Therefore, we investigated if this was the case for NaD1 and NaD2, by assessing the sensitivity of the three Aspergillus nidulans (An) O-mannosyltransferase (pmt) knockout (KO) mutants (AnpmtA, AnpmtB, and AnpmtC). AnpmtA was resistant to both defensins, while AnpmtC was resistant to NaD2 only, suggesting NaD1 and NaD2 are unlikely to have a general interaction with O-linked side chains. Further evidence of this difference in the antifungal mechanism was provided by the dissimilarity of the NaD1 and NaD2 sensitivities of the Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (Fol) signalling knockout mutants from the cell wall integrity (CWI) and high osmolarity glycerol (HOG) mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways. HOG pathway mutants were sensitive to both NaD1 and NaD2, while CWI pathway mutants only displayed sensitivity to NaD2. View Full-Text
Keywords: antifungal defensins; NaD1 and NaD2; CWI signalling pathway; HOG signalling pathway antifungal defensins; NaD1 and NaD2; CWI signalling pathway; HOG signalling pathway
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dracatos, P.M.; Payne, J.; Di Pietro, A.; Anderson, M.A.; Plummer, K.M. Plant Defensins NaD1 and NaD2 Induce Different Stress Response Pathways in Fungi. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1473.

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