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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(8), 1204; doi:10.3390/ijms17081204

Genome-Wide Identification and Expression Analysis of Two-Component System Genes in Tomato

1,†
,
1,†
,
1
,
1
,
1
,
1,2
and
1,2,*
1
Department of Horticulture, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
2
Key Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Growth, Development and Biotechnology, Agricultural Ministry of China, Hangzhou 310058, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jianhua Zhu
Received: 30 May 2016 / Revised: 3 July 2016 / Accepted: 15 July 2016 / Published: 26 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Molecular Botany)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [6886 KB, uploaded 26 July 2016]   |  

Abstract

The two-component system (TCS), which comprises histidine kinases (HKs), phosphotransfers (HPs), and response regulator proteins (RRs), plays pivotal roles in regulating plant growth, development, and responses to biotic and abiotic stresses. TCS genes have been comprehensively identified and investigated in various crops but poorly characterized in tomato. In this work, a total of 65 TCS genes consisting of 20 HK(L)s, six HPs, and 39 RRs were identified from tomato genome. The classification, gene structures, conserved domains, chromosome distribution, phylogenetic relationship, gene duplication events, and subcellular localization of the TCS gene family were predicted and analyzed in detail. The amino acid sequences of tomato TCS family members, except those of type-B RRs, are highly conserved. The gene duplication events of the TCS family mainly occurred in the RR family. Furthermore, the expansion of RRs was attributed to both segment and tandem duplication. The subcellular localizations of the selected green fluorescent protein (GFP) fusion proteins exhibited a diverse subcellular targeting, thereby confirming their predicted divergent functionality. The majority of TCS family members showed distinct organ- or development-specific expression patterns. In addition, most of TCS genes were induced by abiotic stresses and exogenous phytohormones. The full elucidation of TCS elements will be helpful for comprehensive analysis of the molecular biology and physiological role of the TCS superfamily. View Full-Text
Keywords: tomato; two-component system; phylogeny; evolution; expression profiles tomato; two-component system; phylogeny; evolution; expression profiles
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

He, Y.; Liu, X.; Ye, L.; Pan, C.; Chen, L.; Zou, T.; Lu, G. Genome-Wide Identification and Expression Analysis of Two-Component System Genes in Tomato. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1204.

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