Tissue-Specific Effects of Vitamin E Supplementation
AbstractA multivitamin and mineral supplementation study of 6 weeks was conducted with male and female mice. The control group received a standard dose of vitamins and minerals of 1× the Recommended Daily Intake (RDI), whereas a second group received 3× RDI. A third group received a high dose of vitamin E (25× RDI), close to the upper limit of toxicity (UL), but still recommended and considered to be harmless and beneficial. The high dose of vitamin E caused a number of beneficial, but also adverse effects. Different biomarkers of tissue toxicity, oxidative stress related processes and inflammation were determined. These biomarkers did not change in plasma and erythrocytes to a large extent. In the liver of male mice, some beneficial effects were observed by a lower concentration of several biomarkers of inflammation. However, in the kidney of male mice, a number of biomarkers increased substantially with the higher dose of vitamin E, indicating tissue toxicity and an increased level of inflammation. Since this dose of vitamin E, which is lower than the UL, cause some adverse effects, even after a short exposure period, further studies are required to reconsider the UL for vitamin E. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Jansen, E.; Viezeliene, D.; Beekhof, P.; Gremmer, E.; Ivanov, L. Tissue-Specific Effects of Vitamin E Supplementation. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1166.
Jansen E, Viezeliene D, Beekhof P, Gremmer E, Ivanov L. Tissue-Specific Effects of Vitamin E Supplementation. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2016; 17(7):1166.Chicago/Turabian Style
Jansen, Eugene; Viezeliene, Dale; Beekhof, Piet; Gremmer, Eric; Ivanov, Leonid. 2016. "Tissue-Specific Effects of Vitamin E Supplementation." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 17, no. 7: 1166.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.