Human Aquaporin-4 and Molecular Modeling: Historical Perspective and View to the Future
AbstractAmong the different aquaporins (AQPs), human aquaporin-4 (hAQP4) has attracted the greatest interest in recent years as a new promising therapeutic target. Such a membrane protein is, in fact, involved in a multiple sclerosis-like immunopathology called Neuromyelitis Optica (NMO) and in several disorders resulting from imbalanced water homeostasis such as deafness and cerebral edema. The gap of knowledge in its functioning and dynamics at the atomistic level of detail has hindered the development of rational strategies for designing hAQP4 modulators. The application, lately, of molecular modeling has proved able to fill this gap providing a breeding ground to rationally address compounds targeting hAQP4. In this review, we give an overview of the important advances obtained in this field through the application of Molecular Dynamics (MD) and other complementary modeling techniques. The case studies presented herein are discussed with the aim of providing important clues for computational chemists and biophysicists interested in this field and looking for new challenges. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Mangiatordi, G.F.; Alberga, D.; Trisciuzzi, D.; Lattanzi, G.; Nicolotti, O. Human Aquaporin-4 and Molecular Modeling: Historical Perspective and View to the Future. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1119.
Mangiatordi GF, Alberga D, Trisciuzzi D, Lattanzi G, Nicolotti O. Human Aquaporin-4 and Molecular Modeling: Historical Perspective and View to the Future. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2016; 17(7):1119.Chicago/Turabian Style
Mangiatordi, Giuseppe F.; Alberga, Domenico; Trisciuzzi, Daniela; Lattanzi, Gianluca; Nicolotti, Orazio. 2016. "Human Aquaporin-4 and Molecular Modeling: Historical Perspective and View to the Future." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 17, no. 7: 1119.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.