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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(7), 1088; doi:10.3390/ijms17071088

MALDI Mass Spectrometry Imaging Reveals Decreased CK5 Levels in Vulvar Squamous Cell Carcinomas Compared to the Precursor Lesion Differentiated Vulvar Intraepithelial Neoplasia

1
Adelaide Proteomics Centre, School of Biological Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide 5005, Australia
2
Institute for Photonics and Advanced Sensing (IPAS), The University of Adelaide, Adelaide 5005, Australia
3
Discipline of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, School of Medicine, Research Centre for Reproductive Health, Robinson Institute, Adelaide 5005, Australia
4
Department of Cytopathology, SA Pathology, Adelaide 5005, Australia
5
Department of Gynaecological Oncology, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide 5005, Australia
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jamal Zweit and Sundaresan Gobalakrishnan
Received: 10 May 2016 / Revised: 24 June 2016 / Accepted: 30 June 2016 / Published: 8 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cancer Molecular Imaging in the Era of Precision Medicine)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1615 KB, uploaded 8 July 2016]   |  

Abstract

Vulvar cancer is the fourth most common gynecological cancer worldwide. However, limited studies have been completed on the molecular characterization of vulvar squamous cell carcinoma resulting in a poor understanding of the disease initiation and progression. Analysis and early detection of the precursor lesion of HPV-independent vulvar squamous cell carcinoma (VSCC), differentiated vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (dVIN), is of great importance given dVIN lesions have a high level of malignant potential. Here we present an examination of adjacent normal vulvar epithelium, dVIN, and VSCC from six patients by peptide Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization Mass Spectrometry Imaging (MALDI-MSI). The results reveal the differential expression of multiple peptides from the protein cytokeratin 5 (CK5) across the three vulvar tissue types. The difference observed in the relative abundance of CK5 by MALDI-MSI between the healthy epithelium, dVIN, and VSCC was further analyzed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in tissue from eight VSCC patients. A decrease in CK5 immunostaining was observed in the VSCC compared to the healthy epithelium and dVIN. These results provide an insight into the molecular fingerprint of the vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia that appears to be more closely related to the healthy epithelium than the VSCC. View Full-Text
Keywords: Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI); imaging mass spectrometry (MSI); differentiated vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (dVIN); vulva squamous cell carcinomas (VSCC); Cytokeratin 5 (CK5) Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI); imaging mass spectrometry (MSI); differentiated vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (dVIN); vulva squamous cell carcinomas (VSCC); Cytokeratin 5 (CK5)
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Zhang, C.; Arentz, G.; Winderbaum, L.; Lokman, N.A.; Klingler-Hoffmann, M.; Mittal, P.; Carter, C.; Oehler, M.K.; Hoffmann, P. MALDI Mass Spectrometry Imaging Reveals Decreased CK5 Levels in Vulvar Squamous Cell Carcinomas Compared to the Precursor Lesion Differentiated Vulvar Intraepithelial Neoplasia. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1088.

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